Dicentrarchus labrax, European seabass : fisheries, aquaculture, gamefish

Dicentrarchus labrax (Linnaeus, 1758)

European seabass
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Dicentrarchus labrax   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Dicentrarchus labrax (European seabass)
Dicentrarchus labrax
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Classificação / Names Nomes comuns | Sinônimos | Catalog of Fishes(Gênero, Espécies) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Eupercaria/misc (Various families in series Eupercaria) > Moronidae (Temperate basses)
Etymology: Dicentrarchus: Greek, di = two + Greek, kentron = sting + Greek, archos = anus (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Linnaeus.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologia

; marinhas; Água doce; estuarina demersal; oceanódromo; intervalo de profundidade 10 - 100 m (Ref. 9987).   Subtropical; 8°C - 24°C (Ref. 4944); 72°N - 11°N, 19°W - 42°E (Ref. 54221)

Distribuição Países | Áreas da FAO | Ecossistemas | Ocorrências | Point map | Introduções | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: Norway to Morocco, the Canary Islands and Senegal. Also known from the Mediterranean and Black Sea. Absent from White, Barents, Baltic and Caspian Seas (Ref. 59043).

Comprimento de primeira maturação / Tamanho / Peso / Idade

Maturity: Lm 32.3, range 23 - 46 cm
Max length : 103 cm TL macho/indeterminado; (Ref. 40637); common length : 50.0 cm TL macho/indeterminado; (Ref. 6916); peso máx. publicado: 12.0 kg (Ref. 1468); idade máx. registrada: 30 anos (Ref. 59043)

Descrição suscinta Morfologia | Morfometria

Espinhos dorsais (total): 8 - 10; Raios dorsais (total): 12-13; Espinhos anais 3; Raios anais : 10 - 12. Diagnosis: head with cycloid scales above; mouth moderately protractile (Ref. 231). Vomerine teeth only anteriorly (Ref. 231), in a crescentic band (Ref. 231, 57391). Scales on interorbital space cycloid (Ref. 57391). Posterior edge of opercle finely serrated, lower edge with strong forward- directed denticles (Ref. 231). 2 flat opercular spines (Ref. 231, 57391). Young with some dark spots on upper part of body (Ref. 231).

Biologia     Glossário (p.ex. epibenthic)

Adults manifest demersal behavior, inhabit coastal waters down to about 100 m depth but more common in shallow waters (Ref. 54221, 57391). Found in the littoral zone on various kinds of bottoms on estuaries, lagoons and occasionally rivers. They enter coastal waters and river mouths in summer, but migrate offshore in colder weather and occur in deep water during winter in the northern range. Young fish form school, but adults appear to be less gregarious (Ref. 9987). Feed chiefly on shrimps and mollusks, also on fishes (Ref. 5990). Juveniles feed on invertebrates, taking increasingly more fish with age. Adults piscivorous . (Ref. 59043). Spawn in batches (Ref. 51846). Spawning takes place in the spring near the British Isles, and earlier in its southern range. Eggs are pelagic (Ref. 35388). Marketed fresh or smoked (Ref. 9987). Highly sought by sport fishermen (Ref. 30578).

Ciclo de vida ou comportamento de acasalamento Maturidade | Reprodução | Desova | Ovos | Fecundidade | Larvas

Spawn in groups. Eggs are pelagic. In the Mediterranean, first sexual maturity occurs generally between 2 and 4 years of age while in the Atlantic sexual maturity happens a little later (males between 4-7 years and females between 5-8 years). Spawning happens just once a year and it tends to be in winter, although in southern areas it can occur in spring. Eggs have 1-2 fat drops that fuse about 12 hours after laying. Embryo development lasts about three days at 13-14°C and larval development about 40 days at 19°C. Egg size 1.1-1.5 mm, larval length at hatching 3 mm.

Referência principal Upload your references | Referências | Coordenador : Heemstra, Phillip C. | Colaboradores

Smith, C.L., 1990. Moronidae. p. 692-694. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 6916)

Status na Lista Vermelha da UICN (Ref. 123251)

  Segura ou pouco preocupante (LC) ; Date assessed: 01 January 2008

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Ameaça para os humanos

  Harmless





Uso pelos humanos

Pescarias: espécies comerciais; Aquacultura: espécies comerciais; peixe esportivo: sim
FAO - Aquacultura: produção, perfil da espécie; pescarias: desembarques, perfil da espécie; Publication: search | FishSource | Sea Around Us

Ferramentas

Relatórios especiais

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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 7.3 - 19.5, mean 10.7 °C (based on 788 cells).
Índice de diversidade filogenética (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.7656   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00933 (0.00768 - 0.01135), b=3.02 (2.96 - 3.08), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Nível Trófico (Ref. 69278):  3.5   ±0.50 se; based on food items.
Generation time: 7.8 (5.0 - 11.8) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 32 growth studies.
Resiliência (Ref. 120179):  médio(a), tempo mínimo de duplicação da população 1,4 - 4,4 anos (K=0.06-0.33; tm=2-8; tmax=30; Fec=230,000).
Prior r = 0.54, 95% CL = 0.35 - 0.84, Based on 14 stock assessments.
Vulnerabilidade (Ref. 59153):  High to very high vulnerability (69 of 100) .
Categoria de preço (Ref. 80766):   Very high.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 32.1 [4.4, 156.0] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.19 [0.48, 2.89] mg/100g ; Protein = 19 [18, 20] % ; Omega3 = 0.589 [0.286, 1.238] g/100g ; Selenium = 14.3 [5.5, 37.4] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 8.25 [2.39, 28.69] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.652 [0.301, 1.466] mg/100g (wet weight); based on nutrient studies.