Parupeneus crassilabris : fisheries

Parupeneus crassilabris (Valenciennes, 1831)

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Parupeneus crassilabris   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Parupeneus crassilabris
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> Mulliformes (Goatfishes) > Mullidae (Goatfishes)
Etymology: Parupeneus: Latin, parum, parvum = small + Peneus, the name of a river.  More on author: Valenciennes.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態学

; 海 関連する礁; 深さの範囲 1 - 80 m (Ref. 90102), usually - m (Ref. ).   Tropical; 0°C - ; 32°N - 28°S, 95°E - 173°W

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Indo-West Pacific: eastern Indian Ocean and the western Pacific east to Fiji, Tonga, and the Caroline Islands. This species is included in the Parupeneus trifasciatus complex where Parupeneus trifasciatus is restricted to the Indian Ocean and Parupeneus insularis from the Hawaiian Islands, French Polynesia, and Pitcairn Islands to the Marshalls, Mariana, Phoenix, and Samoa Islands.

サイズ / 重さ / 年齢

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 38.0 cm TL オス/雌雄の選別がない; (Ref. 90102)

簡単な記述 形態学 | 形態計測学

背面の脊椎 (合計): 8; 背鰭 (合計): 9; 肛門の骨 1; 臀鰭: 7. Diagnosis: Pectoral rays 15-16 (rarely 15). Gill rakers 7-10 + 27-31 (total 35-40). Body depth 2.653.1 in SL (deeper body with growth); head length (HL) 2.8-3.15 in SL; snout length 1.75-1.95 in HL; barbels short, 1.45-1.75 in HL; longest dorsal spine 1.4-1.6 in HL; penultimate dorsal ray 1.2-1.5 in length of last dorsal ray; pectoral-fin length 1.25-1.45 in HL; pelvic-fin length 1.2-1.4 in HL. Color white, the scale edges yellow or yellowish gray, the posterior edge often enlarged to a distinct yellow spot; upper two-thirds of body with two very large oval black spots, the first centered below anterior spines of first dorsal fin and the second below anterior half or more of second dorsal fin and extending into basal part of fin; a large black spot on head behind and enclosing part of eye, extending diffusely toward comer of mouth; broad outer part of second dorsal and anal fins blue with narrow oblique dark-edged yellow bands; caudal fin streaked with dull blue and yellow; inner rim of iris bright red (Ref. 54393).

生物学     用語集 (例 epibenthic)

Coastal to outer reef habitats. Juveniles usually in shallow surge channels on reef slopes adjacent to drop-offs. Adults usually seen resting on corals on reef crests (Ref. 48636).

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟 | 繁殖 | 放精 | | 生産力 | 幼生

主な参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | コーディネーター : Randall, John E. | 協力者

Randall, J.E., 2004. Revision of the goatfish genus Parupeneus (Perciformes: Mullidae), with descriptions of two new species. Indo-Pac. Fish. (36):64 p. (Ref. 54393)

IUCNのレッドリストの状況は (Ref. 124695)

  軽度懸念 (LC) ; Date assessed: 04 February 2009

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

人間に対する脅威

  Harmless





Human uses

水産業: 商業
FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 25.3 - 28.9, mean 27.7 °C (based on 350 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01202 (0.00556 - 0.02601), b=3.10 (2.93 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
栄養段階 (Ref. 69278):  3.6   ±0.3 se; based on diet studies.
回復力 (Ref. 120179):  手段, 1.4年~4.4年の倍増期間の最小個体群 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
弱み (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (33 of 100) .
価格帯 (Ref. 80766):   Medium.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 36 [18, 77] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.309 [0.167, 0.639] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.3 [15.2, 21.1] % ; Omega3 = 0.125 [0.070, 0.227] g/100g ; Selenium = 62 [28, 137] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 254 [41, 979] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.546 [0.329, 1.133] mg/100g (wet weight);