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(Carps) > Cobitidae
(Loaches) > Cobitinae
Etymology: Cobitis: Greek, kobitis, -idos = a kind of sardine; also related with the voice Greek, kobios, Latin gobius = gudgeon (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
; air tawar dasar (demersal). Temperate
Europe and Asia: Northern and western Black Sea basin (from Danube to Kuban drainages). Restricted to the lowermost part of Danube, Dniestr and Kuban drainages. More widespread in South Bug and Dniepr drainages. Occurrence is expected in some part of the Baltic basin (Vistula and Odra drainages) (Ref. 59043).
Size / Weight / umur
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 6.0 cm SL jantan/; (Ref. 59043); 9.5 cm SL (female)
Duri punggung (Keseluruhan (total)): 2 - 3; duri punggung lunak (Keseluruhan (total)): 7-8; Duri dubur 1-3; Sirip dubur lunak: 5 - 7. Pigmentation (Gambetta's longitudinal zone of pigmentation): zone Z3 usually ending under dorsal base in male; one black spot at caudal base, about size of pupil or eye, oval or round; zone Z3 usually narrower than zone Z2. One lamina circularis. Cannot be distinguished from sympatric hybridogenous species using external characters (Ref. 59043).
Found in large coastal lakes and lower part of rivers on silt bottom, as well as smaller streams with sand bottoms (Ref. 59043). Adults migrate to larger water bodies in autumn for overwintering (Ref. 59043). Oviparous, possibly with distinct pairing during breeding similar to congeners (Ref. 205).
During courtship, 'the male follows the female and, after both enter dense vegetation (e.g. filamentous algae), the male forms a complete ring around the female's body behind the dorsal as the female releases the eggs' (Ref. 59043).
Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)
Status IUCN Red List (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
ancaman kepada manusia
AcuanBudidaya airprofil budidaya airStrainGenetikaFrekuensi alelDiturunkanPenyakit-penyakitPengolahanMass conversion
mitraGambarStamps, Coins Misc.Suara-suaraCiguateraKecepatanTipe renangArea insangOtolithsOtakPenglihatan / visi
muat turun XML
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00562 (0.00248 - 0.01273), b=3.04 (2.86 - 3.22), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Daya lenting (Ref. 120179
): sedang, Waktu penggandaan populasi minimum 1.4 - 4.4 tahun (Assumed Fec < 10,000).
keancaman (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (27 of 100) .