Balistoides viridescens, Titan triggerfish : fisheries
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Balistoides viridescens (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)

Titan triggerfish
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Balistoides viridescens   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Balistoides viridescens (Titan triggerfish)
Balistoides viridescens
Picture by Cook, D.C.

分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes(, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri > Tetraodontiformes (Puffers and filefishes) > Balistidae (Triggerfishes)
Etymology: Balistoides: Latin, balista, -ae = crossbowman + Greek, oides = similar (Ref. 45335).  More on authors: Bloch & Schneider.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 海洋 礁区鱼类; 深度上下限 1 - 50 m (Ref. 9770).   热带; 35°N - 26°S, 32°E - 122°W

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: Red Sea south to Delagoa Bay, Mozambique (Ref. 4420) and east to the Line and Tuamoto islands, north to southern Japan, south to New Caledonia.
印度-太平洋: 红海南至莫桑比克的 Delagoa 湾 (参考文献 4420) 而且东至列岛群岛与 Tuamoto 岛, 北至日本南部, 南至新加勒多尼亚。

大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 75.0 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 9710)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

背棘 (总数): 3; 背的软条 (总数): 24-26; 臀棘 0; 臀鳍软条: 22 - 24. Fish has a deep grove before eye; scaleless area around lips, continuing and narrowing posterior to corner of mouth; small forward-curving spines in about five rows on side of and a short distance anterior to caudal peduncle. Caudal peduncle compressed (Ref. 9770).
鱼有一个深的小树林在眼之前; 无鳞片的环绕着唇的区域, 继续而且狭窄的在嘴角后面; 在侧边上的大约五列中的小向前弯曲的棘与短的距离位于尾柄前。 尾柄扁长形的.(参考文献 9770)

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Recorded from lagoons, seaward reefs (Ref. 1602) and sheltered inner reef slopes (Ref. 48637). Juveniles often associated with isolated patches of branching coral or rubble of shallow sandy protected areas. Adults occur singly or in pairs on the slopes of deep lagoon or seaward reefs (Ref. 37816, 48637). Often hostile towards divers and may attack unprovoked when caring for eggs (Ref. 48637). Feed on sea urchins, coral, crabs and other crustaceans, mollusks and tube worms. Oviparous (Ref. 205). Largest triggerfish; females are reported to have attacked divers when guarding their nest (Ref. 2334). Also caught with drive-in nets. Marketed fresh and dried-salted (Ref. 9770).

出现在舄湖,临海礁石 (参考文献 1602) 与掩蔽的内部礁斜坡。 (参考文献 48637) 稚鱼时常伴随着树枝状珊瑚的独立区块或水浅的沙地保护区的碎石。 成鱼各别地出现或成对在深舄湖或临海礁石的斜坡上.(参考文献 37816,48637) 时常怀敌意的向潜水者而且可能攻击未受刺激的当照顾卵的时候.(参考文献 48637) 捕食海胆,珊瑚,螃蟹与其他的甲壳动物,软件动物与管虫。 卵生的.(参考文献 205) 大的鳞鲀; 当保卫他们的巢的时候,雌性被报告已经攻击潜水者。 (参考文献 2334) 也用圍網捕獲。 在市場上銷售生鮮或乾漬了。 (參考文獻 9770)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

Distinct paring (Ref. 205).印度-太平洋: 红海南至莫桑比克的 Delagoa 湾 (参考文献 4420) 而且东至列岛群岛与 Tuamoto 岛, 北至日本南部, 南至新加勒多尼亚。

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 : Matsuura, Keiichi | 合作者

Matsuura, K., 2001. Balistidae. Triggerfishes. p. 3911-3928. In K.E. Carpenter and V. Niem (eds.) FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the Western Central Pacific. Vol. 6. Bony fishes part 4 (Labridae to Latimeriidae), estuarine crocodiles. FAO, Rome. (Ref. 9770)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 123251)

  不评价 

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  有雪卡鱼毒中毒的报导 (Ref. 1602)





人类利用

渔业: 商业性
FAO - Publication: search | FishSource | 周边海洋

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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 25 - 29, mean 28.1 °C (based on 1016 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.7500   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.03311 (0.02080 - 0.05271), b=2.97 (2.83 - 3.11), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  3.3   ±0.44 se; based on food items.
回复力 (Ref. 120179):  低的, 最小族群倍增时间4.5 - 14 年 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (53 of 100) .
价格分类 (Ref. 80766):   Medium.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 29.1 [11.3, 61.7] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.464 [0.282, 0.921] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.8 [16.6, 20.8] % ; Omega3 = 0.109 [0.054, 0.225] g/100g ; Selenium = 40.1 [20.8, 84.1] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 39.5 [11.7, 130.3] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.895 [0.588, 1.403] mg/100g (wet weight);