Balistoides viridescens, Titan triggerfish : fisheries
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Balistoides viridescens (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)

Titan triggerfish
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Balistoides viridescens   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Balistoides viridescens (Titan triggerfish)
Balistoides viridescens
Picture by Cook, D.C.

Classification / Names Nomi Comuni | Sinonimi | Catalog of Fishes(Genere, Specie) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Tetraodontiformes (Puffers and filefishes) > Balistidae (Triggerfishes)
Etymology: Balistoides: Latin, balista, -ae = crossbowman + Greek, oides = similar (Ref. 45335).  More on authors: Bloch & Schneider.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologia

; marino associati a barriera corallina; distribuzione batimetrica 1 - 50 m (Ref. 9770).   Tropical; 35°N - 26°S, 32°E - 122°W

Distribuzione Stati | Aree FAO | Ecosystems | Presenze | Point map | Introduzioni | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: Red Sea south to Delagoa Bay, Mozambique (Ref. 4420) and east to the Line and Tuamoto islands, north to southern Japan, south to New Caledonia.

Size / Peso / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 75.0 cm TL maschio/sesso non determinato; (Ref. 9710)

Short description Morfologia | Morfometria

Spine dorsali (totale): 3; Raggi dorsali molli (totale): 24-26; Spine anali 0; Raggi anali molli: 22 - 24. Fish has a deep grove before eye; scaleless area around lips, continuing and narrowing posterior to corner of mouth; small forward-curving spines in about five rows on side of and a short distance anterior to caudal peduncle. Caudal peduncle compressed (Ref. 9770).

Biologia     Glossario (es. epibenthic)

Recorded from lagoons, seaward reefs (Ref. 1602) and sheltered inner reef slopes (Ref. 48637). Juveniles often associated with isolated patches of branching coral or rubble of shallow sandy protected areas. Adults occur singly or in pairs on the slopes of deep lagoon or seaward reefs (Ref. 37816, 48637). Often hostile towards divers and may attack unprovoked when caring for eggs (Ref. 48637). Feed on sea urchins, coral, crabs and other crustaceans, mollusks and tube worms. Oviparous (Ref. 205). Largest triggerfish; females are reported to have attacked divers when guarding their nest (Ref. 2334). Also caught with drive-in nets. Marketed fresh and dried-salted (Ref. 9770).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturità | Riproduzione | Deposizione | Uova | Fecundity | Larve

Distinct paring (Ref. 205).

Main reference Upload your references | Bibliografia | Coordinatore : Matsuura, Keiichi | Collaboratori

Matsuura, K., 2001. Balistidae. Triggerfishes. p. 3911-3928. In K.E. Carpenter and V. Niem (eds.) FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the Western Central Pacific. Vol. 6. Bony fishes part 4 (Labridae to Latimeriidae), estuarine crocodiles. FAO, Rome. (Ref. 9770)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)


CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Reports of ciguatera poisoning (Ref. 1602)





Human uses

Pesca: commerciale
FAO - Publication: search | FishSource | Sea Around Us

Informazioni ulteriori

Stati
Aree FAO
Ecosystems
Presenze
Introduzioni
Stocks
Ecologia
Dieta
Prede
Consumo di cibo
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Nomi Comuni
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Spawning aggregation
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Uova
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Age/Size
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Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Morfometria
Morfologia
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Dinamica popolazioni larvali
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Varietà
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Frequenze alleliche
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Fonti Internet

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: Genere, Specie | DiscoverLife | DORIS | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: genome, nucleotide | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Database Nazionali | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | Acquari pubblici | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Tree of Life | Wikipedia: Go, ricerca | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 25 - 29, mean 28.1 °C (based on 1016 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.7500   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.03311 (0.02080 - 0.05271), b=2.97 (2.83 - 3.11), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  3.3   ±0.44 se; based on food items.
Resilienza (Ref. 120179):  Basso, tempo minimo di raddoppiamento della popolazione 4.5 - 14 anni (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (53 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Medium.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 29.1 [11.3, 61.7] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.464 [0.282, 0.921] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.8 [16.6, 20.8] % ; Omega3 = 0.109 [0.054, 0.225] g/100g ; Selenium = 40.1 [20.8, 84.1] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 39.5 [11.7, 130.3] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.895 [0.588, 1.403] mg/100g (wet weight);