Balistoides viridescens, Titan triggerfish : fisheries

Balistoides viridescens (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)

Titan triggerfish
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Balistoides viridescens   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Balistoides viridescens (Titan triggerfish)
Balistoides viridescens
Picture by Cook, D.C.

Classificatie / Names Populaire namen | Synoniemen | Catalog of Fishes(Genus, Soort(en)) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Tetraodontiformes (Puffers and filefishes) > Balistidae (Triggerfishes)
Etymology: Balistoides: Latin, balista, -ae = crossbowman + Greek, oides = similar (Ref. 45335).  More on authors: Bloch & Schneider.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologie

; marien rifbewoner; diepteverspreiding 1 - 50 m (Ref. 9770).   Tropical; 35°N - 26°S, 32°E - 122°W

Verspreiding Landen | FAO regio's | Ecosystems | Voorkomen | Point map | Introducties | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: Red Sea south to Delagoa Bay, Mozambique (Ref. 4420) and east to the Line and Tuamoto islands, north to southern Japan, south to New Caledonia.

Size / Gewicht / Leeftijd

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 75.0 cm TL mannelijk/geslacht niet bekend; (Ref. 9710)

Korte beschrijving Morfologie | Morfometrie

Dorsale stekels (totaal): 3; Dorsale zachte stralen (totaal): 24-26; Anale stekels 0; Anale zachte stralen: 22 - 24. Fish has a deep grove before eye; scaleless area around lips, continuing and narrowing posterior to corner of mouth; small forward-curving spines in about five rows on side of and a short distance anterior to caudal peduncle. Caudal peduncle compressed (Ref. 9770).

Biologie     Verklarende woordenlijst (b.v. epibenthic)

Recorded from lagoons, seaward reefs (Ref. 1602) and sheltered inner reef slopes (Ref. 48637). Juveniles often associated with isolated patches of branching coral or rubble of shallow sandy protected areas. Adults occur singly or in pairs on the slopes of deep lagoon or seaward reefs (Ref. 37816, 48637). Often hostile towards divers and may attack unprovoked when caring for eggs (Ref. 48637). Feed on sea urchins, coral, crabs and other crustaceans, mollusks and tube worms. Oviparous (Ref. 205). Largest triggerfish; females are reported to have attacked divers when guarding their nest (Ref. 2334). Also caught with drive-in nets. Marketed fresh and dried-salted (Ref. 9770).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geslachtsrijpheid | Voortplanting | Kuitschieten | Eieren | Fecundity | Larven

Distinct paring (Ref. 205).

Voornaamste referentie Upload your references | Referenties | Coördinator : Matsuura, Keiichi | Medewerkers

Matsuura, K., 2001. Balistidae. Triggerfishes. p. 3911-3928. In K.E. Carpenter and V. Niem (eds.) FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the Western Central Pacific. Vol. 6. Bony fishes part 4 (Labridae to Latimeriidae), estuarine crocodiles. FAO, Rome. (Ref. 9770)

Status op de Rode Lijst van het IUCN (Ref. 123251)


CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Gevaarlijk voor mensen

  Reports of ciguatera poisoning (Ref. 1602)





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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 25 - 29, mean 28.1 °C (based on 1016 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.7500   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.03311 (0.02080 - 0.05271), b=2.97 (2.83 - 3.11), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  3.3   ±0.44 se; based on food items.
Weerstandsvermogen (Ref. 120179):  laag, minimale populatieverdubbelingstijd 4,5-14 jaar (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Kwetsbaarheid (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (53 of 100) .
Prijsklasse (Ref. 80766):   Medium.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 29.1 [11.3, 61.7] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.464 [0.282, 0.921] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.8 [16.6, 20.8] % ; Omega3 = 0.109 [0.054, 0.225] g/100g ; Selenium = 40.1 [20.8, 84.1] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 39.5 [11.7, 130.3] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.895 [0.588, 1.403] mg/100g (wet weight);