Parupeneus indicus, Indian goatfish : fisheries, gamefish

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Parupeneus indicus (Shaw, 1803)

Indian goatfish
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Parupeneus indicus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Parupeneus indicus (Indian goatfish)
Parupeneus indicus
Picture by Cook, D.C.

分類 / Names 俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes(, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri > Mulliformes (Goatfishes) 鱸形目 (Goatfishes) > Mullidae (Goatfishes) 鬚鯛科 (Goatfishes)
Etymology: Parupeneus: Latin, parum, parvum = small + Peneus, the name of a river.  More on author: Shaw.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態學

; 海洋; 半鹹淡水 礁區魚類; 深度上下限 10 - 30 m (Ref. 48636), usually - m (Ref. ).   熱帶; 0°C - ; 19°N - 23°S, 28°E - 150°W

分布 國家 | FAO區域 | 生態系 | 發現紀錄 | Point map | 簡介 | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: Yemen coast of the Gulf of Aden and southern Oman, along the east coast of Africa to Port Alfred, South Africa (33°S), east to the Caroline and Somoan islands; southern Japan to southern Queensland.
印度-太平洋: 東非到美屬薩摩亞與東加, 北至菲律賓與小笠原群島 (參考文獻 26066), 南至新加勒多尼亞。

大小 / 重量 / 年齡

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 45.0 cm TL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 48636); common length : 35.0 cm TL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 48636)

簡短描述 型態特徵 | 形態測量圖

背棘 (總數): 8; 背的軟條 (總數): 9; 臀棘 1; 臀鰭軟條: 7. Diagnosis: Pectoral rays 16 (rarely 15 or 17). Gill rakers 5-7 + 18-21 (total 24-27)> Body depth 3.25-3.75 in SL; head length (HL) 2.9-3.25 in SL; snout length 1.65-1.95 in HL; barbel length 1.3-1.5 in HL. Longest dorsal spine 1.5-1.8 in HL; penultimate dorsal ray about equal to last dorsal ray in juveniles, 1.05-1.2 in length of last dorsal ray of adults; pectoral-fin length 1.35-1.55 in HL; pelvic-fin length 1.3-1.5 in HL. Body greenish brown to reddish brown dorsally, the scale edges narrowly dark, shading to whitish or pale pink ventrally, with a nearly round black spot as large or larger than eye on side of caudal peduncle, two-thirds of which lies above the lateral line; a large, horizontally elongate yellow spot (sometimes partly white) on lateral line below interdorsal space; barbels white; irregular pale blue lines extending anteroventrally and dorsoposteriorly from eye; second dorsal and anal fins with irregular oblique pale blue lines; caudal fin yellowish gray with faint blue lines paralleling rays; peritoneum dark brown (pale brown to white in other species of the genus except Parupeneus barberinus) (Ref. 54393).
在側邊與黑色的肉梗斑點上的大的黃斑.(參考文獻 48636)

生物學特性     字彙 (例如 epibenthic)

Inhabit shallow sandy or silty areas (seagrass substrata) of coastal and inner lagoon reefs (Ref. 9710, 54393). Occur singly or in schools (Ref. 5213). Large adults usually at moderate depths to about 30 m (Ref. 48636). Feed on benthic invertebrates; the diet including small crabs, amphipods, shrimps, small octopuses, polychaete worms, and small fishes (Ref. 54393). Marketed fresh (Ref. 5284).

棲息於水淺的沙地或海岸的與潟湖內部礁的淤泥區域。 (參考文獻 9710) 各別地或成群生存。 (參考文獻 5213) 大的成魚通常在深度中等之處到大約 30 公尺。 (參考文獻 48636) 吃底棲的無脊椎動物。 生鮮地在市場上銷售了。 (參考文獻 5284)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | | 孕卵數 | 仔魚

印度-太平洋: 東非到美屬薩摩亞與東加, 北至菲律賓與小笠原群島 (參考文獻 26066), 南至新加勒多尼亞。

主要參考資料 Upload your references | 參考文獻 | 合作者 : Randall, John E. | 合作者

Randall, J.E., 2004. Revision of the goatfish genus Parupeneus (Perciformes: Mullidae), with descriptions of two new species. Indo-Pac. Fish. (36):64 p. (Ref. 54393)

IUCN 瀕危狀態 (Ref. 124695)

  無危 (LC) ; Date assessed: 11 March 2015

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

對人類具威脅

  無害處的





人類使用

漁業: 商業性; 游釣魚種: 是的
FAO - Publication: search | FishSource | 周邊海洋

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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 26.2 - 29, mean 28.2 °C (based on 442 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01175 (0.00947 - 0.01457), b=3.09 (3.05 - 3.13), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
營養階層 (Ref. 69278):  3.5   ±0.37 se; based on food items.
回復力 (Ref. 120179):  中等的, 族群倍增時間最少 1.4 - 4.4年 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Prior r = 0.67, 95% CL = 0.44 - 1.01, Based on 2 stock assessments.
瀕危性 (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (36 of 100) .
價格種類 (Ref. 80766):   Medium.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 40.1 [17.0, 92.1] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.383 [0.179, 0.876] mg/100g ; Protein = 17.1 [13.9, 20.0] % ; Omega3 = 0.239 [0.108, 0.533] g/100g ; Selenium = 60.6 [24.4, 159.8] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 294 [41, 1,443] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.696 [0.390, 1.508] mg/100g (wet weight);