Hippocampus biocellatus, False-eyed seahorse

Hippocampus biocellatus Kuiter, 2001

False-eyed seahorse
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
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Hippocampus biocellatus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Classificação / Names Nomes comuns | Sinónimos | Catalog of Fishes(Género, Espécies) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Syngnathiformes (Pipefishes and seahorses) > Syngnathidae (Pipefishes and seahorses) > Syngnathinae
Etymology: Hippocampus: Greek, ippos = horse + Greek,kampe = curvature (Ref. 45335);  biocellatus: From the Latin bi meaning two, and ocellus meaning eye, in reference to the double eye-like spot on its back.

Issue
This species is a synonym of Hippocampus planifrons Peters, 11877 according to Lourie et al., 2016 (Ref. 115213). This species record will be removed.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologia

; marinhas demersal; não migratória; intervalo de profundidade 0 - 20 m (Ref. 42735).   Subtropical

Distribuição Países | Áreas FAO | Ecossistemas | Ocorrências | Point map | Introduções | Faunafri

Eastern Indian Ocean: known only from the Shark Bay region of Western Australia.

Tamanho / Peso / Idade

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 10.8 cm OT macho/indeterminado; (Ref. 42735)

Descrição breve Morfologia | Morfometria

Espinhos dorsais (total): 0; Raios dorsais moles (total): 22-23; Espinhos anais 0; Raios anais moles: 4 - 5. Anal fin rays divided at base; tail rings 36-38; subdorsal spines 4/0,0,1,1 or 5/0,0,1,1,1; nose ridge slightly raised, without a spine; spine above eyes moderately large, angled back and laterally outward; lateral head spine moderately large and recurved; coronet slightly raised, apex with 5 blunt diverging spines; upper shoulder-ring spine of small to moderate size, situated beside gill openings; central shoulder-ring spine of moderate size and directed laterally outward; superior trunk and tail ridges with broad thorn-like blunt spines, enlarged on some rings, at regular intervals; superior tail ridge with tubercle-like spines of moderate size, angled backward; trunk ridges followed by connecting tail ridges with spines and tubercles becoming gradually smaller posteriorly; lateral line with distinct pores, on trunk rings just above lateral ridge, continuing onto tail to 18th-23rd tail ring, each pore between raised papillae (Ref. 42735).

Biologia     Glossário (ex. epibenthic)

Adults inhabit shallow algae or weedy reef areas from the intertidal to about 20 m depth (Ref. 42735). Maximum length is based on a straight-line length measurement from upper surface (ignoring spines) of first trunk ring, to tip of tail (Ref. 42735). Ovoviviparous (Ref. 205). The male carries the eggs in a brood pouch which is found under the tail (Ref. 205).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturidade | Reprodução | Desova | Ovos | Fecundidade | Larvas

Male carries the eggs in a brood pouch (Ref. 205).

Referência principal Upload your references | Referências | Coordenador | Colaboradores

Kuiter, R.H., 2001. Revision of the Australian seahorses of the genus Hippocampus (Syngnathiformes: Syngnathidae) with descriptions of nine new species. Rec. Aus. Mus. 53:293-340. (Ref. 42735)

Categoria na Lista Vermelha da IUCN (Ref. 123251)


CITES (Ref. 123416)


CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Ameaça para o homem

  Harmless





Utilização humana

FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 18 - 23.8, mean 19.2 °C (based on 107 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00447 (0.00176 - 0.01137), b=3.00 (2.78 - 3.22), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Nível Trófico (Ref. 69278):  3.4   ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resiliência (Ref. 120179):  Elevada, tempo mínimo de duplicação da população menor que 15 meses (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerabilidade (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (11 of 100) .