Paraliparis plagiostomus, Sharkmouth snailfish

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Paraliparis plagiostomus Stein, Chernova & Andriashev, 2001

Sharkmouth snailfish
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drawing shows typical species in Liparidae.

分類 / Names 俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes(, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri > Perciformes/Cottoidei (Sculpins) 鮋形目 (Sculpins) > Liparidae (Snailfishes) 獅子魚科 (Snailfishes)
Etymology: Paraliparis: Greek, para = the side of + Greek, liparis = fat (Ref. 45335);  plagiostomus: From the Greek plagios meaning placed on the lower surface of head, and stoma meaning mouth, in reference to its inferior mouth.  More on authors: Stein, Chernova & Andriashev.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態學

; 海洋 深海底的; 深度上下限 ? - 993 m (Ref. 51661).   深水域

分布 國家 | FAO區域 | 生態系 | 發現紀錄 | Point map | 簡介 | Faunafri

Eastern Indian Ocean: west coast of Tasmania, Australia.
東印度洋: 塔斯梅尼亞,澳洲的西岸。

大小 / 重量 / 年齡

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 13.7 cm SL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 42734)

簡短描述 型態特徵 | 形態測量圖

背棘 (總數): 0; 背的軟條 (總數): 59; 臀棘 0; 臀鰭軟條: 54; 脊椎骨: 65. Caudal-fin rays 8; pectoral fin deeply notched, pectoral girdle with 3 round radials; jaws long, mouth inferior, teeth tiny, tooth plates appear smooth; pores with distinctly contoured rims; chin pores one diameter apart; snout slanted, protruding, subrostral fold deep and entirely covering upper lip; interorbital narrow; pectoral upper ray horizontal with upper part of eye; upper pectoral lobe short, 63% HL, lower lobe short; gill opening equal to eye, dorsolaterally located, completely above horizontal through upper margin of eye; HL 18.7% SL, mandible-anus short, 10.9% SL; uniformly brownish-black, mouth and tooth plates dark grey, tongue black-dotted, gill arches dark grey, peritoneum black (Ref. 42734).
尾鰭鰭條 8; 胸鰭凹槽深的, 肩帶有三個圓的動脈; 顎長的, 嘴下方的, 齒極小的, 齒板顯得平滑的; 孔有明顯的邊緣; 下巴孔分別地的一直徑; 吻使傾斜,伸出, 嘴巴附近的摺層深的而且整個包住上嘴唇; 眼間骨狹窄的; 胸的上面鰭條與眼的上半部保持水平; 上面的胸葉短, 63% HL, 下葉短; 鰓裂等於眼,背外側地位於, 完全地之上水平的經過眼的上緣; HL 18.7% SL ,下顎-肛門的短,10.9% SL; 均勻深褐色, 嘴與齒板深灰色的, 舌有黑點的, 鰓弓深灰色的, 腹膜黑色.(參考文獻 42734)

生物學特性     字彙 (例如 epibenthic)

Found on the continental slope. Benthic (Ref. 75154).

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | | 孕卵數 | 仔魚

東印度洋: 塔斯梅尼亞,澳洲的西岸。

主要參考資料 Upload your references | 參考文獻 | 合作者 | 合作者

Stein, D.L., N.V. Chernova and A.P. Andriashev, 2001. Snailfishes (Pisces: Liparidae) of Australia, including descriptions of thirty new species. Rec. Aust. Mus. 53:341-406. (Ref. 42734)

IUCN 瀕危狀態 (Ref. 123251)

  資料不足 (DD) ; Date assessed: 04 February 2009

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

對人類具威脅

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Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00468 (0.00219 - 0.00998), b=3.17 (2.98 - 3.36), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
營養階層 (Ref. 69278):  3.5   ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
回復力 (Ref. 120179):  中等的, 族群倍增時間最少 1.4 - 4.4年 (Assuming tmax>3).
瀕危性 (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (24 of 100) .