Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 1090 - 1160 m (Ref. 42734). Deep-water
Eastern Indian Ocean: off South Australia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 13.2 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 42734)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 54;
Vertebrae: 65. Caudal-fin rays 8; pectoral girdle with 3 round radials; head and body low, mouth oblique; teeth tiny; chin pores interspaced by their diameter, not in a pit; gill opening short, lower end slightly below level of eye; pectoral fin deeply notched, upper pectoral lobe short, about 60% HL, rudimentary rays absent; color nut brown; skin thin; peritoneum, black (Ref. 42734).
Found on the continental slope. Benthic (Ref. 75154).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Stein, D.L., N.V. Chernova and A.P. Andriashev, 2001. Snailfishes (Pisces: Liparidae) of Australia, including descriptions of thirty new species. Rec. Aust. Mus. 53:341-406. (Ref. 42734)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00468 (0.00219 - 0.00998), b=3.17 (2.98 - 3.36), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Assuming tmax>3).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (23 of 100) .