Paracirrhites forsteri, Blackside hawkfish : fisheries, aquarium

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Paracirrhites forsteri (Schneider, 1801)

Blackside hawkfish
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Paracirrhites forsteri   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Klassifizierung / Names Namen | Synonyme | Catalog of Fishes(Gattung, Arten) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Centrarchiformes (Basses) > Cirrhitidae (Hawkfishes)
Etymology: Paracirrhites: Greek, para = the side of + Latin, cirrus = curl (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Schneider.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ökologie

; seewasser riff-verbunden; tiefenbereich 1 - 35 m (Ref. 37816), usually 5 - 35 m (Ref. 27115).   Tropical; 24°C - 27°C (Ref. 27115); 35°N - 36°S, 28°E - 124°W

Verbreitung Länder | FAO Gebiete | Ecosystems | Vorkommen | Point map | Einführungen | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: Red Sea and East Africa (Ref. 5469) to the Hawaiian, Line, Marquesan and Ducie islands, north to southern Japan, south to New Caledonia and the Austral Islands. Unknown from the Persian and Oman gulfs (Ref. 11441).

Size / Gewicht / Alter

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 22.0 cm TL Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 30573); common length : 18.0 cm TL Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 30573)

Kurzbeschreibung Morphologie | Morphometrie

Rückenflossenstacheln (insgesamt): 10; Rückenflossenweichstrahlen (insgesamt): 11; Afterflossenstacheln 3; Afterflossenweichstrahlen: 6. Body yellowish with broad blackish stripe on upper side; head and anterior part of body with small dark reddish spots (Ref. 5469).Color changes with growth as well as varies among adults (Ref. 37816). In Oceania, juveniles are a golden green dorsally and white ventrally; in continental areas juveniles may be red dorsally (Ref. 37816). The maroon and yellow phase was originally described as a distinct species, P. typee (Ref. 37816).

Biologie     Fachlexikon (Englisch) (z.B. epibenthic)

Inhabits clear lagoon or seaward reefs to at least 33 m depth (Ref. 9710), but may venture very deep. Occurs openly on coral and soft-bottom habitats, occasionally in pairs (Ref. 48636). Benthic (Ref. 58302). Tends to perch on outermost branches of Stylophora, Pocillopora, and Acropora corals (Ref. 9710). Feeds mainly on small fishes and crustaceans, sometimes on shrimps and is territorial and haremic (Ref. 37816). Solitary on corals (Ref 90102). Marketed mostly fresh.

Life cycle and mating behavior Geschlechtsreife | Fortpflanzung | Ablaichen | Eier | Fecundity | Larven

Distinct pairing. Spawning ascents into the water column occurred over a distance of 1.0 to 2.5 m (Ref. 26305).

Hauptreferenz Upload your references | Referenzen | Koordinator | Partner

Randall, J.E., G.R. Allen and R.C. Steene, 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, Hawaii. 506 p. (Ref. 2334)

IUCN Rote Liste Status (Ref. 123251)

  nicht bedroht (LC) ; Date assessed: 03 March 2015

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Bedrohung für Menschen

  Harmless





Nutzung durch Menschen

Fischereien: weniger kommerziell; Aquarium: Kommerziell
FAO - Publication: search | FishSource | Sea Around Us

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Internet Quellen

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | FishWatcher Einträge suchen | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: Gattung, Arten | DiscoverLife | DORIS | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: Genom, nucleotide | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Nationale Datenbanken | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | Öffentliche Aquarien | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Tree of Life | Wikipedia: Gehe zu, Suchen | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 24.5 - 28.8, mean 27.5 °C (based on 856 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5156   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00933 (0.00365 - 0.02386), b=3.07 (2.85 - 3.29), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  4.3   ±0.76 se; based on food items.
Widerstandsfähigkeit (Ref. 120179):  .
Verwundbarkeit (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (11 of 100) .
Preiskategorie (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 63.2 [37.9, 117.9] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.705 [0.398, 1.093] mg/100g ; Protein = 19.4 [18.4, 20.4] % ; Omega3 = 0.186 [0.121, 0.283] g/100g ; Selenium = 30.3 [16.2, 61.0] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 213 [85, 488] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.11 [0.78, 1.57] mg/100g (wet weight);