Zebrasoma scopas, Twotone tang : aquarium

Zebrasoma scopas (Cuvier 1829)

Twotone tang
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Zebrasoma scopas   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Zebrasoma scopas
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分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri > Acanthuriformes (Surgeonfishes) 鱸形目 (Surgeonfishes) > Acanthuridae (Surgeonfishes, tangs, unicornfishes) 刺尾鯛科 (Surgeonfishes, tangs, unicornfishes) > Acanthurinae
Etymology: Zebrasoma: Derived from Zebra = African horse + Greek, soma = body; referring to the stripes (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Cuvier.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 海洋 礁区鱼类; 深度上下限 1 - 60 m (Ref. 1602), usually 1 - 60 m (Ref. 27115).   热带; 25°C - 28°C (Ref. 27115); 31°N - 34°S, 32°E - 124°W

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: East Africa, including the Mascarene Islands (Ref. 37792) to the Tuamoto Islands, north to southern Japan, south to Lord Howe and Rapa islands.
印度-太平洋: 东非, 包括玛斯科林岛 (参考文献 37792) 到 Tuamoto 岛, 北至日本南部, 南至罗得豪岛与拉帕群岛。

大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 40.0 cm SL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 48637)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

背棘 (总数): 4 - 5; 背的软条 (总数): 23-25; 臀棘 3; 臀鳍软条: 19 - 21. Dark brown (body in life with fine pale blue-green longitudinal lines following scale rows, becoming dots anteriorly on body and on head) (Ref 9808). Small juveniles have yellowish bars and more prominent yellow specks than adults.
深褐色的 (身体活着时有细的蓝灰色-绿色的纵向线在鳞片列之后, 在身体与头部上前面地成为点)(参考文献 9808). 小的稚鱼超过成鱼有淡黄色的横带与较突出的黄色斑点。

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Occurs in coral-rich areas of lagoon and seaward reefs. Graze on algae, usually in groups of 20 individuals (Ref. 5503, 48637). Adults usually in small groups and sometimes schooling. Juveniles solitary and usually among corals (Ref. 48637). Its numerous, small pharyngeal teeth may have evolved in response to a shift in diet from macroalgae to filamentous algae (Ref. 33204). Form resident spawning aggregations (Ref. 27825). Monogamous (Ref. 52884). Group and pair spawning have been observed. The flesh is never poisonous (Ref. 4795).

出现于舄湖与临海礁石的珊瑚丰富的区域。 啃食藻类, 通常形成 20个个体的鱼群.(参考文献 5503,48637) 成鱼通常在小群鱼群而且有时群游。 稚鱼独居性与通常在珊瑚之中.(参考文献 48637) 它的很多又小咽齿可能有在从大型藻类到菌丝藻的食性中回应变化进化。 (参考文献 33204) 形成定居的产卵群集。 (参考文献 27825) 一夫一妻的.(参考文献 52884) 群与成对产卵曾经观察。 肉从不是有毒的。 (参考文献 4795)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

Form resident spawning aggregations (Ref. 27825). Monogamous mating is observed as both facultative and social (Ref. 52884).印度-太平洋: 东非, 包括玛斯科林岛 (参考文献 37792) 到 Tuamoto 岛, 北至日本南部, 南至罗得豪岛与拉帕群岛。

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 : Randall, John E. | 合作者

Myers, R.F., 1991. Micronesian reef fishes. Second Ed. Coral Graphics, Barrigada, Guam. 298 p. (Ref. 1602)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 123251)

  最不相关 (LC) ; Date assessed: 07 May 2010

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  无害处的





人类利用

水族馆: 商业性
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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俗名
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新陈代谢
捕食者
生态毒物学
繁殖
成熟度
产卵场
产卵群集
孕卵数

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体长-体重
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形态测量图
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特别资料

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网络资源

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | 核实 FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | DORIS | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank(基因组, 核苷酸) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | 国家资料库 | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | 公众的水族馆 | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | 树状分类阶层 | Wikipedia(转至, 搜寻) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | 动物学的记录

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 24.6 - 28.9, mean 27.6 °C (based on 1646 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5078   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.02455 (0.02019 - 0.02984), b=2.98 (2.93 - 3.03), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  2.0   ±0.00 se; based on food items.
回复力 (Ref. 120179):  中等的, 族群倍增时间最少 1.4 - 4.4年 (K=0.425; Tmax=33).
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  High to very high vulnerability (66 of 100) .