Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Lophiiformes
(Anglerfishes) > Linophrynidae
Etymology: Linophryne: Greek, 'linon' = flax or anything made of flax such as "cord," "rope," or a "net" + Greek, 'phryne' = "toad" (refers to a toadlike fish that fishes with a net) (Ref. 86949). More on author: Beebe.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathypelagic; non-migratory; depth range 600 - 2000 m (Ref. 86949), usually - m (Ref. ). Deep-water; 0°C -
North Atlantic: North of 30°N, from Bermuda to Madeira and north of the Azores.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 3. Females distinguished by the following characteristics: distal escal appendage less than 10% SL; short posterior ascal appendage present; barbel divided nearly at base into 3 unpaired primary branches; subdermal pigment in two bands on side of body; males without pointed sphenotic spines (Ref. 86949).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Bertelsen, E., 1986. Linophrynidae. p. 1408-1414. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.C. Hureau, J. Nielsen, and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. UNESCO, Paris, Vol. 3. (Ref. 13578)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 3.2 - 3.7, mean 3.5 °C (based on 128 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.7 ±0.6 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .