Thalassoma purpureum, Surge wrasse : fisheries, gamefish, aquarium

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Thalassoma purpureum (Forsskål, 1775)

Surge wrasse
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Thalassoma purpureum   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Thalassoma purpureum (Surge wrasse)
Thalassoma purpureum
Male picture by Hermosa, Jr., G.V.

分類 / Names 共通名の | 類義語 | Catalog of Fishes(部類, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Eupercaria/misc (Various families in series Eupercaria) > Labridae (Wrasses) > Corinae
Etymology: Thalassoma: Greek, thalassa = the sea + Greek, soma = body; the colour of the sea (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Forsskål.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態学

; 海 関連する礁; 深さの範囲 0 - 10 m (Ref. 30573). Tropical; 32°N - 32°S

分布 国々 | 国連食糧農業機関の区域 | エコシステム | 事件 | Point map | 導入 | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: Red Sea and East Africa (Ref. 4392) to the Hawaiian, Marquesan, and Easter islands, north to southern Japan, south to Lord Howe, Kermadec, and Rapa islands. Southeast Atlantic: southeast coast of South Africa (Ref. 4392). Replaced by Thalassoma virens in the Revillagigedo Islands (Ref. 37816).

サイズ / 重さ / 年齢

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 46.0 cm TL オス/雌雄の選別がない; (Ref. 30573); 最大公表体重: 1.2 kg (Ref. 40637)

簡単な記述 形態学 | 形態計測学

背面の脊椎 (合計): 8; 背鰭 (合計): 12-14; 肛門の骨 3; 臀鰭: 10 - 12. T. purpureum and T. trilobatum have nearly identical initial phases (Ref. 1602). They differ slightly in details of the head markings, and T. purpureum has a slightly longer head, shorter pectoral fins, and attains a larger size (Ref. 1602, 48636). Females best distinguished by the 'V' mark on the snout (Ref. 48636). Initial phase with a vertical dark red line below front of eye usually with a branch to front of snout (Ref 9823).

生物学     用語集 (例 epibenthic)

Found almost exclusively in the surge zone of outer reef flats, reef margins, and rocky coastlines, down to a depth of about 10 m (Ref. 5213). Benthopelagic (Ref. 58302). Occur in groups of females that are spread out over large reef sections and dominated by few males. Males grow much larger than females (Ref. 48636). Feed on small invertebrates (crabs, sea urchins, brittlestars, mollusks), small fishes, echinoids, ophiuroids and polychaetes (Ref. 37816). Protogynous (Ref. 55080).

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟 | 繁殖 | 放精 | | 生産力 | 幼生

Pelagic spawner.

主な参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | コーディネーター : Westneat, Mark | 協力者

Randall, J.E., G.R. Allen and R.C. Steene, 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, Hawaii. 506 p. (Ref. 2334)

IUCNのレッドリストの状況は (Ref. 125652)

  軽度懸念 (LC) ; Date assessed: 07 March 2009

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

人間に対する脅威

  Harmless





Human uses

水産業: 少数商業の; ゲームフィッシュ: はい; 水族館・水槽: 商業
FAO - Publication: search | FishSource | 私達の周りの海

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共通名の
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成熟
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形態計測学
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シガテラ(食中毒の名前)
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インターネットの情報源

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 24.6 - 29.3, mean 28.3 °C (based on 3134 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00977 (0.00428 - 0.02232), b=3.05 (2.87 - 3.23), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-BS (Ref. 93245).
栄養段階 (Ref. 69278):  3.8   ±0.0 se; based on diet studies.
回復力 (Ref. 120179):  手段, 1.4年~4.4年の倍増期間の最小個体群 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (36 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649):   (0 of 100) .
価格帯 (Ref. 80766):   Very high.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 40.7 [25.0, 69.9] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.512 [0.286, 0.868] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.9 [16.1, 21.2] % ; Omega3 = 0.142 [0.096, 0.206] g/100g ; Selenium = 37.8 [22.4, 59.1] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 98.8 [34.1, 309.3] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.24 [0.88, 2.21] mg/100g (wet weight);