Cheilinus chlorourus, Floral wrasse : fisheries, aquarium

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Cheilinus chlorourus (Bloch, 1791)

Floral wrasse
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Cheilinus chlorourus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes(, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri > Eupercaria/misc (Various families in series Eupercaria) 鱸形目 (Various families in series Eupercaria) > Labridae (Wrasses) 隆頭魚科 (Wrasses) > Cheilininae
Etymology: Cheilinus: Greek, cheilos = lip (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Bloch.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 海洋 礁区鱼类; 深度上下限 1 - 30 m (Ref. 9823).   熱帶; 32°N - 36°S, 25°E - 132°W

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: East Africa to the Marquesan and Tuamoto islands, north to the Ryukyu Islands, south to New Caledonia and Rapa.
印度-太平洋: 東非到馬貴斯群島與 Tuamoto 島, 北至琉球群島, 南至新加勒多尼亞與拉帕島。

大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 45.0 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 9710)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

背棘 (总数): 10; 背的软条 (总数): 8-9; 臀棘 3; 臀鳍软条: 8. The only Cheilinus that has 10 dorsal spines. Exhibits a coloration very similar to C. trilobatus, but has black and white specks on its pelvic, anal and caudal fins, while C. trilobatus has vertical red, white and black streaks on its body scales. Large adults of both species have numerous red spots and streaks on the head and trilobed caudal fins.
有 10个背棘的唯一的 Cheilinus。 展现一个颜色非常类似 C. trilobatus, 但是有黑白的斑点在它的腹鳍,臀鳍与尾鳍, 然而 C. trilobatus 有垂直的红色,白色与黑色的条纹在它的身体鳞片。 两者种的大的成鱼在头部与三叶的尾鳍上有很多的红色斑点与条纹。

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Adults inhabit lagoon and coastal reefs, in areas with mixed sand, rubble, and coral (Ref. 9710). Occasionally in grassy areas. Feed mainly on benthic invertebrates such as mollusks and crustaceans. Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).

栖息于泻湖与岸礁, 在有混合的沙子,碎石与珊瑚的区域中.(参考文献 9710) 偶见于长满草的区域。 主要吃底栖的无脊椎动物例如软件动物与甲壳动物。

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).印度-太平洋: 東非到馬貴斯群島與 Tuamoto 島, 北至琉球群島, 南至新加勒多尼亞與拉帕島。

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 : Westneat, Mark | 合作者

Westneat, M.W., 2001. Labridae. Wrasses, hogfishes, razorfishes, corises, tuskfishes. p. 3381-3467. In K.E. Carpenter and V. Niem (eds.) FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the Western Central Pacific. Vol. 6. Bony fishes part 4 (Labridae to Latimeriidae), estuarine crocodiles. FAO, Rome. (Ref. 9823)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 123251)

  最不相关 (LC) ; Date assessed: 12 July 2008

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  无害处的





人类利用

渔业: 低经济; 水族馆: 商业性
FAO - Publication: search | FishSource | 周边海洋

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俗名
同种异名
新陈代谢
捕食者
生态毒物学
繁殖
成熟度
产卵场
产卵群集
孕卵数

卵的发育
年龄范围
成长
体长-体重
体长-体长
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形态测量图
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仔鱼
稚鱼动力学
入添量
丰度
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参考文献
养殖
养殖信息
品种
遗传学
基因序列
遗传率
疾病
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合作者
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速度
泳型
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Otoliths
脑重体重比
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特别资料

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网络资源

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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 25 - 29.3, mean 28.5 °C (based on 3199 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5078   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01820 (0.01113 - 0.02976), b=2.95 (2.81 - 3.09), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  3.5   ±0.52 se; based on food items.
回复力 (Ref. 120179):  中等的, 族群倍增时间最少 1.4 - 4.4年 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (44 of 100) .
价格分类 (Ref. 80766):   Very high.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 38.1 [19.1, 73.6] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.69 [0.26, 1.38] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.2 [14.3, 21.4] % ; Omega3 = 0.0936 [, ] g/100g ; Selenium = 38.9 [17.4, 79.7] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 213 [41, 804] μg/100g ; Zinc = 2.76 [1.45, 4.62] mg/100g (wet weight);