Encrasicholina heteroloba, Shorthead anchovy : fisheries, bait

You can sponsor this page

Encrasicholina heteroloba (Rüppell 1837)

Shorthead anchovy
添加你自己的观测位置在 Fish Watcher
Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Encrasicholina heteroloba   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
上传你的 图片 和 影像
Pictures | 谷歌图片
Image of Encrasicholina heteroloba (Shorthead anchovy)
Encrasicholina heteroloba
Picture by Hermosa, Jr., G.V.

分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri > Clupeiformes (Herrings) 鯡目 (Herrings) > Engraulidae (Anchovies) 鯷科 (Anchovies) > Engraulinae
Etymology: Encrasicholina: Greek, egkrasicholos, -os, -on = mixed with spleen.  More on author: Rüppell.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 海洋 礁区鱼类; 海洋洄游的 (Ref. 51243); 深度上下限 20 - 50 m (Ref. 28016).   热带; 32°N - 26°S, 30°E - 170°W (Ref. 189)

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: Red Sea and East Africa to northern Madagascar and the Bay of Bengal; southern Japan and northern coast of Australia to the Solomon Islands, New Caledonia, Fiji, Tonga, and Samoa.
印度-太平洋: 红海而且东非到马达加斯加北部与孟加拉国湾; 日本南部与澳洲到索罗门群岛,新加勒多尼亚,斐济,东加与美属萨摩亚的北海岸。

Length at first maturity / 大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?, range 5 - 6.7 cm
Max length : 12.0 cm SL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 48635); common length : 7.5 cm NG 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 27550)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

背棘 (总数): 0; 臀棘 0; 臀鳍软条: 14 - 16. Belly rounded with 4 to 6 sharp needle-like pre-pelvic scutes. Maxilla tip pointed, projecting beyond second supra-maxilla and reaching to sub-operculum. Isthmus short, preceded by a small bony plate on urohyal between branchial membranes. Unbranched dorsal and anal fin rays only. Anal fin short. In life, a distinct blue upper edge to its lateral stripe and a dull silver or grey band on flank, the back beige.
腹面圆形的对 6个锐利的针状前腹鳍鳞甲有四个。 颚骨顶端尖的, 突出的超过第二个上颚骨而且延伸到子鳃盖。 峡部短, 在鳃盖膜之间的尾舌骨上前面有一个小的多骨碟了。 只有的不分枝的背鳍棘条与臀鳍棘条。 臀鳍短。 活着时, 在侧面,背部浅褐色上的它的侧面斑纹的一个明显的蓝色上缘与一条暗银色或灰色的条纹。

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

A schooling species found inshore, but also inhabits deep bays under oceanic influence. Rarely enter mangrove waters (Ref. 43081). Probably feed mainly on planktonic crustaceans (e.g., copepods, Ref. 8591). Eggs are oval, without a knob at one end. Eggs occur intermittently in the lower reaches of mangrove waters (Ref. 43081). Utilized mostly for bait, but also for human consumption as dried fish or fermented sauce (Ref. 9987).

一个群游性鱼种发现沿海地区, 也在大洋性的影响力下面居住于深的海湾。 很少进入红树林水域。 (参考文献 43081) 可能主要捕食浮游性甲壳动物。 (例如,桡脚类的动物, 参考文献 8591) 卵是椭圆形的, 在一端没有疖瘤。 卵间歇地在红树林水域的下面范围方面出现。 (参考文献 43081) 大部份利用作为饵料生物, 也如鱼乾或发酵酱料的供人类消费.(参考文献 9987)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

印度-太平洋: 红海而且东非到马达加斯加北部与孟加拉国湾; 日本南部与澳洲到索罗门群岛,新加勒多尼亚,斐济,东加与美属萨摩亚的北海岸。

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 | 合作者

Whitehead, P.J.P., G.J. Nelson and T. Wongratana, 1988. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (Suborder Clupeoidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/2):305-579. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 189)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 123251)

  最不相关 (LC) ; Date assessed: 28 February 2017

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  无害处的





人类利用

渔业: 低经济; 诱饵: usually
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource | 周边海洋

更多信息

俗名
同种异名
新陈代谢
捕食者
生态毒物学
繁殖
成熟度
产卵场
产卵群集
孕卵数

卵的发育
参考文献
养殖
养殖信息
品种
遗传学
基因序列
遗传率
疾病
加工
Mass conversion
合作者
照片
Stamps, Coins Misc.
声音
神经毒
速度
泳型
鳃区
Otoliths
脑重体重比
眼睛色素

工具

特别资料

下载 XML

网络资源

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | 核实 FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank(基因组, 核苷酸) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | 国家资料库 | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | 树状分类阶层 | Wikipedia(转至, 搜寻) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | 动物学的记录

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 24.2 - 28.8, mean 27.9 °C (based on 375 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5039   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00562 (0.00476 - 0.00664), b=3.15 (3.10 - 3.20), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  3.3   ±0.1 se; based on diet studies.
Generation time: 0.6 (0.5 - 0.9) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 10 growth studies.
回复力 (Ref. 120179):  高度, 族群倍增时间少于 15个月 (K=0.80-4.09; tm=0.36-0.98).
Prior r = 0.37, 95% CL = 0.25 - 0.56, Based on 1 stock assessment.
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .
价格分类 (Ref. 80766):   Medium.