Elops machnata, Tenpounder : fisheries, gamefish

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Elops machnata (Forsskål, 1775)

Tenpounder
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Elops machnata   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Elops machnata
Picture by Hermosa, Jr., G.V.

分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes(, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri > Elopiformes (Tarpons and tenpounders) > Elopidae (Tenpounders)
Etymology: Elops: Greek, ellops = a kind of serpent (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Forsskål.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 海洋; 半咸淡水; 海洋洄游的.   熱帶; 38°N - 37°S, 22°E - 153°W

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Indo-West Pacific: Persian Gulf (Ref. 68964), Red Sea to Mossel Bay, South Africa and east to India and western Pacific. Africa: Inland waters.
印度-西太平洋: 紅海到南非的 Mossel 海灣而且東至印度與西太平洋。 非洲: 內陸的水域。

大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 118 cm FL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 40637); common length : 50.0 cm SL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 4967); 最大体重: 10.8 kg (Ref. 40637)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

背棘 (总数): 0; 背的软条 (总数): 20-27; 臀棘 0; 臀鳍软条: 14 - 18. Upper jaw reaching well behind eye; teeth on jaws villiform (Ref. 4832).
延伸到眼正后方的上颌; 颚上的牙齿绒毛状的.(参考文献 4832)

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Occurs in coastal waters, but enters lagoons and estuaries (Ref. 4832) [actual freshwater records remain to be confirmed]. Benthopelagic (Ref. 58302). Young and adults feed on small fishes and crustaceans (Ref. 5213). Probably spawn at sea, but the transparent larvae migrate to inshore areas and are often found in brackish water (Ref. 7050). Are voracious carnivores that take fish, squid and shrimp bait (Ref. 3968). Edible, but not tasty and full of bones (Ref. 3968). A total length of 126 cm for this species has been reported from Knysna, South Africa (G. Bernardt, pers. comm., e-mail: gerard@smallstreams.com) .

出现于沿岸水域, 但是进入舄湖与河口.(参考文献 4832) 幼鱼与成鱼吃小鱼与甲壳动物。 (参考文献 5213) 可能在海上产卵,但是透明的仔鱼回游到近海区域而且时常被发现于半淡咸水。 (参考文献 7050) 捕食鱼类的狼吞虎咽的食肉动物是, 乌贼与虾以饵引诱吗。 (参考文献 3968) 可食用的, 但是不是好吃与充满硬骨.(参考文献 3968) 126 公分的全长对于这个鱼种已经被记录自南非的耐斯纳 (G. Bernardt , pers. comm。, 电子邮件: gerard@smallstreams.com).

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

印度-西太平洋: 紅海到南非的 Mossel 海灣而且東至印度與西太平洋。 非洲: 內陸的水域。

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 | 合作者

Smith, M.M., 1986. Elopidae. p. 155-156. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Smiths' sea fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. (Ref. 3968)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 123251)

  最不相关 (LC) ; Date assessed: 20 June 2016

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  无害处的





人类利用

渔业: 商业性; 游钓鱼种: 是的
FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

更多信息

俗名
同种异名
新陈代谢
捕食者
生态毒物学
繁殖
成熟度
产卵场
产卵群集
孕卵数

卵的发育
参考文献
养殖
养殖信息
品种
遗传学
基因序列
遗传率
疾病
加工
Nutrients
Mass conversion
合作者
照片
Stamps, Coins Misc.
声音
神经毒
速度
泳型
鳃区
Otoliths
脑重体重比
眼睛色素

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特别资料

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网络资源

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | 核实 FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: , | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: 基因组, 核苷酸 | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | 国家资料库 | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | 树状分类阶层 | Wikipedia: 转至, 搜寻 | World Records Freshwater Fishing | 动物学的记录

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 20.7 - 28.4, mean 26.9 °C (based on 1366 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5176   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00646 (0.00488 - 0.00855), b=3.01 (2.93 - 3.09), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  4.0   ±0.3 se; based on diet studies.
Generation time: 2.3 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
回复力 (Ref. 120179):  高度, 族群倍增时间少于 15个月 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (40 of 100) .
价格分类 (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.