Choerodon anchorago, Orange-dotted tuskfish : fisheries, aquarium

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Choerodon anchorago (Bloch, 1791)

Orange-dotted tuskfish
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Choerodon anchorago   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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分類 / Names 俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 輻鰭魚綱 (條鰭魚) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) 鱸形目 (Perch-likes) > Labridae (Wrasses) 隆頭魚科 (Wrasses) > Bodianinae
Etymology: Choerodon: Greek, choiros = a pig + odous = teeth (Ref. 45335); referrring to the prominent anterior canines of the species in this genus (Ref. 116605).  More on author: Bloch.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態學

; 海洋 礁區魚類; 深度上下限 1 - 25 m (Ref. 90102).   熱帶; 15°N - 30°S

分布 國家 | FAO區域 | 生態系 | 發現紀錄 | Point map | 簡介 | Faunafri

Indo-West Pacific: Sri Lanka eastward to French Polynesia, north to the Ryukyu Islands, south to New Caledonia.
印度-西太平洋: 斯里蘭卡向東至法屬玻里尼西亞,北至沖繩, 南至新加勒多尼亞。

Length at first maturity / 大小 / 重量 / 年齡

Maturity: Lm ?, range 23 - ? cm
Max length : 50.0 cm TL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 90102)

簡短描述 型態特徵 | 形態測量圖

背棘 (總數): 12 - 13; 背的軟條 (總數): 7; 臀棘 3; 臀鰭軟條: 9. This species is distinguished by the following characters: body deep, its depth 2.4-2.7 times in standard length; dorsal profile of head convexly curved above eyes; anterior tip of head forming a broad angle with snout steeply inclined; jaws prominent; 4 strong canines situated anteriorly in each jaw with second pair in lower jaw directed laterally; an enlarged canine present on each side at rear of upper jaw; D XIII,7, continuous with spines and anterior soft rays of similar length; A III,9; pectoral fins with ii unbranched and 13-14 branched rays; pelvic fins not filamentous; caudal fin truncate to slightly rounded; lateral line continuous, smoothly curved, with 29 pored scales; scales barely reaching onto bases of dorsal and anal fins; scales in front of dorsal fin distinctly not extending forward to above eye; cheek and opercle scaly, scales on preopercle small, less than 1/4 the size of those on body; lower jaw without scales. Colour of body greenish to grey with underside of head, chest and lower portion of sides white or bluish; a wedge-shaped white band extending upward onto back behind pectoral fins; a large rectangular white saddle situated dorsally on caudal peduncle extending forward below rear of dorsal fin; head speckled with orange; pectoral-fin base covered by a large blue to black spot; dorsal fin greenish grey anteriorly and yellowish posteriorly; caudal fin greenish orange; anal fin yellow with orange markings; a narrow blue margin on dorsal and anal fins. Small individuals overall greenish grey with several whitish bars (Ref. 9823).
一對明顯增大犬齒出現在顎的前面。 歷經顏色隨著成長很少的改變。 成魚能被辨識特徵為腹面的白色下面與頭部。 稚魚是呈綠色的當在海草中.(參考文獻 48636)

生物學特性     字彙 (例如 epibenthic)

Adults inhabit reef flats and lagoon reefs, in areas with seagrass or mixed sand, rubble, and coral (Ref. 9710). They often form small aggregations (Ref. 8631). Juveniles occur inshore and usually form small groups in estuarine seagrass beds. Adults can be found in inner as well as outer reefs and are territorial (Ref. 48636). Feed mainly on hard-shelled prey including crustaceans, mollusks and sea urchins. Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). In Hong Kong live fish markets (Ref. 27253).

棲息於礁石平臺與潟湖礁, 在有海草或混合的沙子,碎石與珊瑚的區域中.(參考文獻 9710) 時常形成小群魚群.(參考文獻 8631) 稚魚出現沿海地區而且通常形成河口的海草床的小群魚群。 成魚被發現於在內部的以及外海岩礁而且是具有領域性.(參考文獻 48636) 主要吃具有硬殼的獵物包括甲殼動物,軟體動物與海膽。 在香港活魚販售。 (參考文獻 27253)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | | 孕卵數 | 仔魚

Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).印度-西太平洋: 斯里蘭卡向東至法屬玻里尼西亞,北至沖繩, 南至新加勒多尼亞。

主要參考資料 Upload your references | 參考文獻 | 合作者 : Westneat, Mark | 合作者

Westneat, M.W., 2001. Labridae. Wrasses, hogfishes, razorfishes, corises, tuskfishes. p. 3381-3467. In K.E. Carpenter and V. Niem (eds.) FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the Western Central Pacific. Vol. 6. Bony fishes part 4 (Labridae to Latimeriidae), estuarine crocodiles. FAO, Rome. (Ref. 9823)

IUCN 瀕危狀態 (Ref. 120744)

  無危 (LC) ; Date assessed: 12 June 2008

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

對人類具威脅

  無害處的





人類使用

漁業: 商業性; 水族館: 商業性
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更多資訊

俗名
同種異名
新陳代謝
捕食者
生態毒物學
繁殖
成熟度
產卵場
產卵群集
孕卵數

卵發育
參考文獻
養殖
養殖資訊
品種
遺傳學
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Mass conversion
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Otoliths
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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 26.7 - 29.3, mean 28.6 (based on 2547 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01862 (0.01064 - 0.03259), b=3.08 (2.93 - 3.23), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
營養階層 (Ref. 69278):  4.2   ±0.3 se; Based on diet studies.
回復力 (Ref. 120179):  中等的, 族群倍增時間最少 1.4 - 4.4年 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
瀕危性 (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (48 of 100) .
價格種類 (Ref. 80766):   Very high.