(Gobies) > Gobiidae
(Gobies) > Gobionellinae
Etymology: Pandaka: Sanskrit, pandaka = without testicles, hermaphrodite, homosexual; it is a Philippines fish, the smallest of the world.
More on author: Herre.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
; laut; air tawar; payau dasar (demersal); pH range: 7.0 - 8.4; dH range: ? - 30; amphidromus (Ref. 46888); kisaran kedalaman 0 - 2 m (Ref. 90102). Tropical; 24°C - 30°C (Ref. 2060)
Asia: Indonesia and Philippines. Originally reported from the Malabon River, Rizal, Philippines, which has meanwhile been reclaimed. According to Ref. 6216 it has also been collected in the sea at Culion Island, off Palawan, Philippines. Recently collected in Bali (1991), Sulawesi (1988), and Singapore (1992), M. Kottelat, pers. comm.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / umur
Maturity: Lm 1.0, range 1 - 1.1 cm
Max length : 1.1 cm SL jantan/; (Ref. 2060); 1.5 cm TL (female)
Duri punggung (Keseluruhan (total)): 7; duri punggung lunak (Keseluruhan (total)): 6-7; Duri dubur 1; Sirip dubur lunak: 6 - 7. Dark spots on sides of body somewhat forming 4 cross-bands; heavy pigmentations on all bases of fins, except ventrals, apparently are continuation of body pigmentation. Head and nape naked. 22 to 25 scales in longitudinal series (Ref. 4924); further characterized by presence of black spot at middle of caudal fin base; first dorsal fin yellowish with black anterior; rounded caudal fin (Ref. 90102).
This is one of the smallest freshwater fishes: males are mature at 9 mm, females at 15 mm. The species used to frequent shady river banks in the Malabon River, Rizal Province, Luzon, Philippines; however, the type locality has been reclaimed and the remaining waters in the area are heavily polluted; the species is considered extinct in the Philippines (Rainer Froese, pers. comm., 2004). It has been apparently imported into Germany in 1958; a color photo of the fish was taken in an aquarium (Ref. 2060). Found in brackish waters and mangrove areas of Indonesia (M. Kottelat, pers. comm.).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Kematangan | Reproduksi, perkembang biakan | Pemijahan | telur-telur | Fecundity | Larva
Probably a non-guarder (RF).
Larson, H.K., 2001. A revision of the gobiid fish genus Mugilogobius (Teleostei: Gobioidei), and its systematic placement. Rec. West. Aust. Mus. (Suppl. No. 62):1-233. (Ref. 43716)
Status IUCN Red List (Ref. 125652)
ancaman kepada manusia
Perikanan: tidak ada kepentingan
AcuanBudidaya airprofil budidaya airStrainGenetikaFrekuensi alelDiturunkanPenyakit-penyakitPengolahanNutrientsMass conversion
muat turun XML
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 27.6 - 29.2, mean 28.8 °C (based on 873 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5078 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01047 (0.00456 - 0.02402), b=3.07 (2.88 - 3.26), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.9 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Daya lenting (Ref. 120179
): Tinggi, Waktu penggandaan populasi minimum kurang dari 15 bulan (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649
): (0 of 100) .