Anchoa mitchilli, Bay anchovy : fisheries, bait

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Anchoa mitchilli (Valenciennes 1848)

Bay anchovy
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Anchoa mitchilli   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Anchoa mitchilli (Bay anchovy)
Anchoa mitchilli
Picture by Howell, W.M./Jenkins, R.L.

分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri > Clupeiformes (Herrings) 鯡目 (Herrings) > Engraulidae (Anchovies) 鯷科 (Anchovies) > Engraulinae
Etymology: Anchoa: Italian ancioa = anchovy (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Valenciennes.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 海洋; 淡水; 半咸淡水; 非产卵性溯降河的 (Ref. 51243); 深度上下限 1 - 70 m (Ref. 93252), usually 1 - 36 m (Ref. 189).   亞熱帶的; 42°N - 16°N, 99°W - 72°W (Ref. 189)

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Western Atlantic: Casco Bay, Maine south to Florida Keys and westward around the Gulf of Mexico south to Yucatán; not in the West Indies.
西大西洋: 緬因州的卡思可灣南至佛羅里達珊瑚礁而且墨西哥灣的周圍向西南至尤卡坦半島; 不是在西印度群島。

Length at first maturity / 大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?, range 4 - 4.5 cm
Max length : 10.0 cm SL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 189); common length : 6.0 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 12193)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

背棘 (总数): 0; 背的软条 (总数): 0; 臀棘 0; 臀鳍软条: 23 - 31. Body variable, more slender in northern populations. Snout fairly blunt, a little over 1/2 eye diameter; maxilla long, tip pointed, reaching beyond hind border of pre-operculum, almost to gill opening; panamensis-type gill cover canals. Anal fin rays rarely 28, its origin below unbranched dorsal fin rays. Anus nearer to pelvic fin tips than to anal fin origin.
身体可变的, 更细长的在北方的族群。 吻非常钝的, 稍微超过 1/2 眼直径; 颚骨长的, 顶端尖的, 超过前鳃盖的后部边缘, 几乎到鳃裂; panamensis-类型的鳃盖运河。 臀鳍棘条很少地 28, 在不分枝的背鳍鳍条之下的它的起源。 超过到臀鳍起源对腹鳍顶端肛门较接近。

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

More commonly found in shallow tidal areas with muddy bottoms and brackish waters, tolerating a wide range of salinities (virtually fresh to fully saline or hypersaline). Found only in spring and summer in the tidal portion of the Ochlockonee River, Florida. Feed mostly on Mysis and copepods, also small fishes, gastropods and isopods. Breed off North Carolina from late April to mid-July, perhaps through to August. Used to some extent to make anchovy paste (Ref. 189).

更多用被容忍宽范围的盐度的泥底部与半咸淡水域普遍发现于水浅的潮汐区域。 (事实上从淡水到完全盐或高盐度) 发现在佛罗里达的 Ochlockonee 河的潮汐部分中只在春天与夏天中。 大部份捕食 Mysis 与桡脚类的动物,也捕食小鱼,腹足动物与等足目动物。 繁殖来自迟的四月到七月中旬的外海的北卡罗莱那州, 也许直到八月。 使用范围制造 鱼浆。 (参考文献 189)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

Spawn in school (Ref. 205).西大西洋: 緬因州的卡思可灣南至佛羅里達珊瑚礁而且墨西哥灣的周圍向西南至尤卡坦半島; 不是在西印度群島。

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 | 合作者

Whitehead, P.J.P., G.J. Nelson and T. Wongratana, 1988. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (Suborder Clupeoidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/2):305-579. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 189)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 123251)

  最不相关 (LC) ; Date assessed: 20 October 2011

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  无害处的





人类利用

渔业: 低经济; 诱饵: usually
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource | 周边海洋

更多信息

俗名
同种异名
新陈代谢
捕食者
生态毒物学
繁殖
成熟度
产卵场
产卵群集
孕卵数

卵的发育
参考文献
养殖
养殖信息
品种
遗传学
基因序列
遗传率
疾病
加工
Mass conversion
合作者
照片
Stamps, Coins Misc.
声音
神经毒
速度
泳型
鳃区
Otoliths
脑重体重比
眼睛色素

工具

特别资料

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网络资源

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | 核实 FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank(基因组, 核苷酸) | GloBI | GoMexSI (interaction data) | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | 树状分类阶层 | Wikipedia(转至, 搜寻) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | 动物学的记录

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 13.2 - 26.9, mean 24 °C (based on 432 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00537 (0.00417 - 0.00692), b=3.16 (3.12 - 3.20), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  3.5   ±0.50 se; based on food items.
回复力 (Ref. 120179):  高度, 族群倍增时间少于 15个月 (K>0.30; tmax=3).
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (23 of 100) .
价格分类 (Ref. 80766):   Medium.