Myripristis murdjan, Pinecone soldierfish : fisheries, aquarium

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Myripristis murdjan (Forsskål, 1775)

Pinecone soldierfish
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Myripristis murdjan   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Myripristis murdjan (Pinecone soldierfish)
Myripristis murdjan
Picture by Moldzio, S.

分類 / Names 俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes(, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri > Holocentriformes (Squirrelfishes, soldierfishes) 金眼鯛目 (Squirrelfishes, soldierfishes) > Holocentridae (Squirrelfishes, soldierfishes) 金鱗魚科 (Squirrelfishes, soldierfishes) > Myripristinae
Etymology: Myripristis: Greek, myros, -ou = male of morey eel + Greek, pristis = saw (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Forsskål.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態學

; 海洋 礁區魚類; 深度上下限 1 - 50 m (Ref. 9710), usually - m (Ref. ).   熱帶; 0°C - ; 30°N - 35°S

分布 國家 | FAO區域 | 生態系 | 發現紀錄 | Point map | 簡介 | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: Red Sea (including the Gulf of Oman) and East Africa to Oceania.
印度-太平洋: 紅海 (包括阿曼灣) 而且東非到大洋洲。

Length at first maturity / 大小 / 重量 / 年齡

Maturity: Lm 17.5  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 60.0 cm TL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 240); common length : 18.0 cm TL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 30573)

簡短描述 型態特徵 | 形態測量圖

背棘 (總數): 11; 背的軟條 (總數): 13-15; 臀棘 4; 臀鰭軟條: 11 - 14. This species is distinguished by the following characters: robust and compressed body with big eyes; lower jaw with one pair of tooth patches at front of lower jaw just outside of gape; lower jaw of adults slightly projecting when mouth closed; gill rakers on first gill arch 11-15 (modally 13) on upper limb, total 36-44 (modally 39); lateral line scales 27-32 (modally 29); lower half to ¾ of axil of pectoral fins with small scales; interorbital space broad, its width 3.65- 4.4 times in head length. Colour of body red to dusky red, the edges of scales reddish brown; opercular membrane dark brown to black to about level of middle of eye; axil of pectoral fins dark brown to black; spinous dorsal fin light red on basal two-thirds, bright red on outer third; leading edges of soft dorsal, anal, caudal, and pelvic fins white (Ref. 12419, 40493).
體色銀粉紅色; 鱗片紅色的邊緣; 鰓蓋邊緣黑色; 所有的鰭紅色; 在每個尾鰭葉中的靠近邊緣的條紋; 中央的鰭白色的前緣。 內部的胸葉腋有很多的小鱗片。 藉由持有突出的白色前緣在它的軟背鰭、臀鰭, 與尾部鰭有別於 M. amaena 與從 M. berndti 藉由有一個深的紅色刺狀的背鰭.(參考文獻 1602)

生物學特性     字彙 (例如 epibenthic)

Occur in reef flats and shallow lagoon and seaward reefs (Ref. 12419). Benthopelagic in or near crevices and caves (Ref. 58302). Mainly nocturnal. Feed mainly on plankton such as crab larvae (Ref. 12419). Secretive, hovering under ledges and in caves (Ref. 37816). Oviparous, with planktonic eggs and larvae (Ref. 240).

出現在礁石平臺與潟湖淺灘與臨海礁石。 主要夜行。 主要捕食浮游生物例如螃蟹幼蟲。 (參考文獻 12419) 躲躲藏藏的, 盤旋岩架下與在洞穴中.(參考文獻 37816) 卵生的, 卵與仔魚為浮游性.(參考文獻 240)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | | 孕卵數 | 仔魚

Oviparous (Ref. 240).印度-太平洋: 紅海 (包括阿曼灣) 而且東非到大洋洲。

主要參考資料 Upload your references | 參考文獻 | 合作者 : Randall, John E. | 合作者

Randall, J.E. and D.W. Greenfield, 1996. Revision of the Indo-Pacific holocentrid fishes of the genus Myripristis, with descriptions of three new species. Indo-Pac. Fish. (25):61 p. (Ref. 12419)

IUCN 瀕危狀態 (Ref. 124695)

  無危 (LC) ; Date assessed: 04 March 2015

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

對人類具威脅

  有雪卡魚毒中毒的報導 (Ref. 4690)





人類使用

漁業: 低經濟; 水族館: 商業性
FAO - Publication: search | FishSource | 周邊海洋

更多資訊

俗名
同種異名
新陳代謝
捕食者
生態毒物學
繁殖
成熟度
產卵場
產卵群集
孕卵數

卵發育
年龄/大小
成長
長度-重量
長度-長度
長度-頻率
形態測量圖
型態特徵
仔魚
稚魚動力學
入添量
豐度
BRUVS
參考文獻
養殖
養殖資訊
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速度
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Otoliths
腦重體重比
眼睛色素

工具

特別的報告

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網路資源

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | 檢查 FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: , | DiscoverLife | DORIS | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: 基因組, 核甘 | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | 國家資料庫 | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | 公眾的水族館 | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | 樹狀分類階層 | Wikipedia: , 搜尋 | World Records Freshwater Fishing | 動物學的記錄

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 24.7 - 29, mean 28 °C (based on 1080 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01698 (0.01020 - 0.02828), b=3.08 (2.94 - 3.22), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
營養階層 (Ref. 69278):  3.4   ±0.1 se; based on diet studies.
回復力 (Ref. 120179):  中等的, 族群倍增時間最少 1.4 - 4.4年 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
瀕危性 (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (35 of 100) .
價格種類 (Ref. 80766):   Medium.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 42.8 [18.8, 101.3] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.575 [0.289, 1.025] mg/100g ; Protein = 19.2 [18.1, 20.3] % ; Omega3 = 0.136 [0.059, 0.307] g/100g ; Selenium = 46.4 [29.3, 75.6] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 40.8 [17.0, 97.4] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.09 [0.68, 1.71] mg/100g (wet weight);