Rhinochimaera africana, Paddlenose chimaera

Rhinochimaera africana Compagno, Stehmann & Ebert 1990

Paddlenose chimaera
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This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Rhinochimaera africana   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Rhinochimaera africana
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drawing shows typical fish in this Family.

Klassifizierung / Names Namen | Synonyme | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Holocephali (Chimären, Seekatzen) (chimaeras) > Chimaeriformes (Chimaeras) > Rhinochimaeridae (Longnose chimaeras)
Etymology: Rhinochimaera: Greek, rhinos = nose + Latin, chimaera = marine monster, 1634 (Ref. 45335).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ökologie

; seewasser bathydemersal; tiefenbereich 549 - 1450 m (Ref. 11228).   Deep-water

Verbreitung Länder | FAO Gebiete | Ecosystems | Vorkommen | Point map | Einführungen | Faunafri

Southeast Atlantic: southern Africa and Mozambique Channel. Pacific Ocean: Japan (off Hokkaido and northern Honshu) to the east China Sea, including Taiwan; Costa Rica and Peru.

Size / Gewicht / Alter

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 81.8 cm TL Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 97389)

Kurzbeschreibung Morphologie | Morphometrie

This species is distinguished by the following characters: elongate body with an elongate, broad and paddle-shaped pointed snout extending anterior to head (SNL 47.7% HDL), tapering to a slender tail; the junction of supraorbital and infraorbital canals on ventral side of snout is closer to the tip of the snout than to the nasal canal; ONC/TIO is greater than 1.4 (ONC/TIO= 1.64); TIO/SWF is less than 1.5 (TIO/SWF= 1.47); TIO/LNC is less than 3.0 (TIO/LNC= 2.75); tooth-plates are nearly smooth; eyes are relatively small (EYL 6.4% BDL), distinctly behind level of mouth; the first and second dorsal fins are separated by a relatively long interdorsal space (IDS 23.6% BDL) and not connected by a web of skin; caudal-fin axis weakly raised with the fin asymmetrical, the epaxial caudal-fin lobe narrower than hypaxial lobe; dorsal caudal tubercles 25; caudal filament vestigial; coloration uniformly dark brown across entire body, except the oronasal region which is abruptly paler than the body (Ref. 97389).

Biologie     Fachlexikon (Englisch) (z.B. epibenthic)

Rare (Ref. 11228). Oviparous (Ref. 205). Eggs are encased in horny shells (Ref. 205).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geschlechtsreife | Fortpflanzung | Ablaichen | Eier | Fecundity | Larven

Oviparous (Ref. 205).

Hauptreferenz Upload your references | Referenzen | Koordinator | Partner

Heemstra, P.C., 1995. Additions and corrections for the 1995 impression. p. v-xv. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Revised Edition of Smiths' Sea Fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. (Ref. 11228)

IUCN Rote Liste Status (Ref. 123251)

  Daten mangelhaft (DD) ; Date assessed: 24 February 2016

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Bedrohung für Menschen

  Harmless





Nutzung durch Menschen

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Internet Quellen

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | FishWatcher Einträge suchen | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank(Genom, nucleotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Nationale Datenbanken | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Gehe zu, Suchen) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 2.1 - 8.2, mean 5.5 °C (based on 195 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.6289   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00245 (0.00098 - 0.00614), b=3.14 (2.91 - 3.37), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  3.6   ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Widerstandsfähigkeit (Ref. 120179):  niedrig, Verdopplung der Population dauert 4,5 - 14 Jahre. (Assuming Fec <100).
Verwundbarkeit (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (51 of 100) .