Betta balunga

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Betta balunga Herre, 1940

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drawing shows typical species in Osphronemidae.

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> Anabantiformes (Gouramies, snakeheads) > Osphronemidae (Gouramies) > Macropodusinae
Etymology: Betta: Malay/Javanese origin. Bleeker (1850, 1858) indicates Ikan Wadder Bettah as the local name of Betta trifasciata Bleeker, 1849 (now Betta picta, Valenciennes, 1846) in the Ambarawa Javanese dialect. Ikan Wader is a common Javanese name for smaller freshwater fishes, especially cyprinids (already used in Old Javanese). See Blust, R. & Trussel, S. Austronesian Comparative Dictionary. Web Edition (https://www.trussel2.com/acd/)..  More on author: Herre.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologie

; zoetwater benthopelagisch; pH range: 5.2 - 7.0; dH range: ? - 10.   Tropical; 21°C - 27°C (Ref. 13614)

Verspreiding Landen | FAO regio's | Ecosystems | Voorkomen | Point map | Introducties | Faunafri

Asia: Borneo.

Size / Gewicht / Leeftijd

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 4.9 cm SL mannelijk/geslacht niet bekend; (Ref. 56613)

Korte beschrijving Morfologie | Morfometrie

Dorsale stekels (totaal): 0 - 2; Dorsale zachte stralen (totaal): 8-9; Anale stekels 0-3; Anale zachte stralen: 27; Wervels: 30 - 31. A member of the Betta akarensis group distinguished from other members by possessing the following combination of characters: opercle with interrupted second postorbital stripe; eye color orange when alive; anal-fin rays 27-30; subdorsal scales 6-7; lateral scales 29-30; predorsal scales 21-24; postdorsal scales 10-12; preanal length 48.5-52.6% SL ; head length 32.6-37.5% SL; length of anal-fin base 47.8-55.4% SL (Ref. 56613).

Biologie     Verklarende woordenlijst (b.v. epibenthic)

Found in forest streams with moderate current, very shallow water among plant roots and submerged leaf litter along the banks. Also occurs in slow flowing black water streams among submerged stream bank vegetation and submerged leaf litter (Ref. 56613). An oral brooder (Ref. 56613).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geslachtsrijpheid | Voortplanting | Kuitschieten | Eieren | Fecundity | Larven

Voornaamste referentie Upload your references | Referenties | Coördinator | Medewerkers

Tan, H.H. and P.K.L. Ng, 2005. The fighting fishes (Teleostei: Osphronemidae: Genus Betta) of Singapore, Malaysia and Brunei. Raffles Bull. Zool. Supplement (13):43-99. (Ref. 56613)

Status op de Rode Lijst van het IUCN (Ref. 123251)

  Onvoldoende gegevens (DD) ; Date assessed: 24 December 2018

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Gevaarlijk voor mensen

  Harmless





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Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01122 (0.00514 - 0.02450), b=3.04 (2.87 - 3.21), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  3.2   ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Weerstandsvermogen (Ref. 120179):  Hoog, minimale populatieverdubbelingstijd minder dan 15 maanden (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Kwetsbaarheid (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .