Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cichliformes
(Cichlids, convict blennies) > Cichlidae
(Cichlids) > Pseudocrenilabrinae
Etymology: Haplochromis: Greek, Haploos = single + Greek, chromis = a fish, perhaps a perch (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal; depth range 0 - 6 m (Ref. 27668). Tropical
Africa: known from most of south-eastern Lake Victoria.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 6.3  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 13.1 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 27668)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Inhabits various stony and rocky habitats, including stone-sand mixed substrates. It is generally more abundant at gently sloping shores with small and medium sized rock boulders. Females, non-territorial males and subadults are gregarious and forage in groups. Feeds on a variety of food items such as diatoms, filamentous epilithic algae, detritus, insect larvae and Bryozoa.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
A polygynous female mouthbrooder with maternal parental care. Males defend territories of usually less than a square meter surface around a larger crevice. During courtship and male-male interactions they leave the crevice, but usually do not move far away from it. Females are led to the crevice, where the spawning takes place. Males are vigorously defending the territories against conspecific males. Brooding females guard small territories around a small cave at variable water depths. In the aquarium, females release their fry after about 21 days but continue to keep them in the mouth in situations of danger and at night, for up to another 21 days.
Seehausen, O., E. Lippitsch, N. Bouton and H. Zwennes, 1998. Mbipi, the rock-dwelling cichlids of Lake Victoria: description of three new genera and fifteen new species (Teleostei). Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 9(2):129-228. (Ref. 27668)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01445 (0.00674 - 0.03099), b=2.97 (2.80 - 3.14), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.6 ±0.23 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (18 of 100) .