Spicara alta, Bigeye picarel : fisheries

Spicara alta (Osório, 1917)

Bigeye picarel
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Spicara alta   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Spicara alta (Bigeye picarel)
Spicara alta
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Classification / Names Nombres comunes | Sinónimos | Catalog of Fishes(Género, Especie) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Eupercaria/misc (Various families in series Eupercaria) > Sparidae (Porgies)
Etymology: Spicara: Latin, spicare = furnished with spike (Ref. 45335).

Issue
Placement in Sparidae from Centracanthidae from Santini et al. (2014:Ref. 95347). Suggestion already made in Garrido-Ramos et al. 1995; Hanel & Sturmbauer 2000; Summerer et al. 2001; Orrell et al. 2002; Orrell & Carpenter 2004; Chiba et al. 2009; Hanel & Tsigenopoulos 2011.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecología

; marino; rango de profundidad 100 - 300 m (Ref. 2683), usually 150 - 200 m (Ref. 7349).   Tropical; 0°C -

Distribución Países | Áreas FAO | Ecosistemas | Ocurrencias, apariciones | Point map | Introducciones | Faunafri

Eastern Central Atlantic: Dakar, Senegal to southern Angola. Reported from Mauritania (Ref. 55783).

Tamaño / Peso / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 30.0 cm TL macho / no sexado; (Ref. 2683); common length : 20.0 cm TL macho / no sexado; (Ref. 2683); peso máximo publicado: 125.00 g (Ref. 4883)

Biología     Glosario (por ej. epibenthic)

Neritic (Ref. 7349).

Life cycle and mating behavior Madurez | Reproducción | Puesta | Huevos | Fecundidad | Larva

Main reference Upload your references | Referencias | Coordinador | Colaboradores

Schneider, W., 1990. FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Field guide to the commercial marine resources of the Gulf of Guinea. Prepared and published with the support of the FAO Regional Office for Africa. Rome: FAO. 268 p. (Ref. 2683)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)

  Least Concern (LC) ; Date assessed: 03 December 2009

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

Pesquerías: comercial
FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

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Fuentes de Internet

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: Género, Especie | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: genome, nucleotide | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Árbol de la vida | Wikipedia: Go, búsqueda | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Expediente Zoológico

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 12.8 - 15.4, mean 14.2 °C (based on 10 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5039   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01288 (0.00620 - 0.02676), b=3.03 (2.87 - 3.19), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Nivel trófico (Ref. 69278):  3.5   ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resiliencia (Ref. 120179):  Medio, población duplicada en un tiempo mínimo de 1.4-4.4 años (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (35 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Medium.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 147 [83, 282] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.537 [0.153, 2.399] mg/100g ; Protein = 19.2 [17.2, 21.1] % ; Omega3 = 0.46 [0.21, 1.09] g/100g ; Selenium = 42.2 [20.4, 80.6] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 26.2 [8.0, 73.5] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.664 [0.265, 2.546] mg/100g (wet weight);