Spicara alta, Bigeye picarel : fisheries

Spicara alta (Osório, 1917)

Bigeye picarel
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Spicara alta   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Spicara alta (Bigeye picarel)
Spicara alta
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分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes(, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri > Eupercaria/misc (Various families in series Eupercaria) > Sparidae (Porgies)
Etymology: Spicara: Latin, spicare = furnished with spike (Ref. 45335).

Issue
Placement in Sparidae from Centracanthidae from Santini et al. (2014:Ref. 95347). Suggestion already made in Garrido-Ramos et al. 1995; Hanel & Sturmbauer 2000; Summerer et al. 2001; Orrell et al. 2002; Orrell & Carpenter 2004; Chiba et al. 2009; Hanel & Tsigenopoulos 2011.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 海洋; 深度上下限 100 - 300 m (Ref. 2683), usually 150 - 200 m (Ref. 7349).   热带; 0°C -

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Eastern Central Atlantic: Dakar, Senegal to southern Angola. Reported from Mauritania (Ref. 55783).
中东大西洋: 达喀尔, 塞内加尔到安哥拉南部。 记录来自毛里塔尼亚了。 (参考文献 55783)

大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 30.0 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 2683); common length : 20.0 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 2683); 最大体重: 125.00 g (Ref. 4883)

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Neritic (Ref. 7349).

浅海的.(参考文献 7349)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

中东大西洋: 达喀尔, 塞内加尔到安哥拉南部。 记录来自毛里塔尼亚了。 (参考文献 55783)

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 | 合作者

Schneider, W., 1990. FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Field guide to the commercial marine resources of the Gulf of Guinea. Prepared and published with the support of the FAO Regional Office for Africa. Rome: FAO. 268 p. (Ref. 2683)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 124695)

  最不相关 (LC) ; Date assessed: 03 December 2009

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  无害处的





人类利用

渔业: 商业性
FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

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特别资料

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网络资源

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | 核实 FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: , | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: 基因组, 核苷酸 | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | 树状分类阶层 | Wikipedia: 转至, 搜寻 | World Records Freshwater Fishing | 动物学的记录

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 12.8 - 15.4, mean 14.2 °C (based on 10 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5039   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01288 (0.00620 - 0.02676), b=3.03 (2.87 - 3.19), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  3.5   ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
回复力 (Ref. 120179):  中等的, 族群倍增时间最少 1.4 - 4.4年 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (35 of 100) .
价格分类 (Ref. 80766):   Medium.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 147 [83, 282] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.537 [0.153, 2.399] mg/100g ; Protein = 19.2 [17.2, 21.1] % ; Omega3 = 0.46 [0.21, 1.09] g/100g ; Selenium = 42.2 [20.4, 80.6] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 26.2 [8.0, 73.5] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.664 [0.265, 2.546] mg/100g (wet weight);