Spicara maena, Blotched picarel : fisheries, gamefish

Spicara maena (Linnaeus, 1758)

Blotched picarel
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Spicara maena   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Spicara maena (Blotched picarel)
Spicara maena
Picture by Patzner, R.

分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 辐鳍鱼纲 (条鳍鱼) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Sparidae (Porgies)
Etymology: Spicara: Latin, spicare = furnished with spike (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Linnaeus.

Issue
Junior synonym Spicara flexuosa Rafinesque, 1810 is considered valid in CofF ver. January 2018 following Tortonese et al., 1973 (Ref. 6518) and other authors. Its synonymy under the current species will be removed.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 海洋; 深度上下限 30 - 130 m (Ref. 7349).   亞熱帶的; 47°N - 28°N, 19°W - 42°E

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Eastern Atlantic: Portugal, Morocco, and Canary Islands including the Mediterranean and Black Sea.
東大西洋: 葡萄牙,摩洛哥與加納利群島包括地中海與黑海。

Length at first maturity / 大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm 10.3  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 25.0 cm SL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 6518); 21.0 cm SL (female); common length : 14.0 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 3397)

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Adults are found in the neritic zone, commonly over Posidonia beds and on sand or muddy bottoms (Ref. 6518). They are distributed at depths of 30m to 90m (Ref. 56124). Feed on zooplankton. Are protogynous hermaphrodites.

浅海的。 普遍在 Posidonia 床上与在沙子或泥底部上.(参考文献 6518) 有一个 30 公尺-90 公尺的深度范围。 (参考文献 56124) 吃浮游动物。 一个雌性先熟的雌雄同体。

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

Sex reversal occurs at lengths over 10.9 cm TL in the northeastern Mediterranean (Ref. 93202). Also Ref. 103751.東大西洋: 葡萄牙,摩洛哥與加納利群島包括地中海與黑海。

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 | 合作者

Heemstra, P.C., 1990. Centracanthidae. p. 768-772. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 7349)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 120744)

  最不相关 (LC) ; Date assessed: 22 August 2009

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  无害处的





人类利用

渔业: 低经济; 游钓鱼种: 是的
FAO(渔业: 产生; publication : search) | FishSource | 周边海洋

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俗名
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新陈代谢
捕食者
生态毒物学
繁殖
成熟度
产卵场
产卵群集
孕卵数

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年龄范围
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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 13 - 18.1, mean 14.5 (based on 87 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5039   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01122 (0.01026 - 0.01227), b=3.01 (2.98 - 3.04), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  4.2   ±0.6 se; Based on diet studies.
Generation time: 4.4 (2.3 - 6.1) years. Estimated as median LN(3)/K based on 11 growth studies.
回复力 (Ref. 120179):  中等的, 族群倍增时间最少 1.4 - 4.4年 (K=0.24; tmax=5).
Prior r = 1.01, 95% CL = 0.66 - 1.51, Based on 1 stock assessment.
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (45 of 100) .
价格分类 (Ref. 80766):   High.