Spicara maena, Blotched picarel : fisheries, gamefish

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Spicara maena (Linnaeus, 1758)

Blotched picarel
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Spicara maena   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Spicara maena (Blotched picarel)
Spicara maena
Picture by Patzner, R.

Klassifizierung / Names Namen | Synonyme | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (Strahlenflosser) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Sparidae (Porgies)
Etymology: Spicara: Latin, spicare = furnished with spike (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Linnaeus.

Issue
Junior synonym Spicara flexuosa Rafinesque, 1810 is considered valid in CofF ver. January 2018 following Tortonese et al., 1973 (Ref. 6518) and other authors. Its synonymy under the current species will be removed.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ökologie

; seewasser; tiefenbereich 30 - 130 m (Ref. 7349).   Subtropical; 47°N - 28°N, 19°W - 42°E

Verbreitung Länder | FAO Gebiete | Ecosystems | Vorkommen | Point map | Einführungen | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: Portugal, Morocco, and Canary Islands including the Mediterranean and Black Sea.

Length at first maturity / Size / Gewicht / Alter

Maturity: Lm 10.3  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 25.0 cm SL Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 6518); 21.0 cm SL (female); common length : 14.0 cm TL Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 3397)

Biologie     Fachlexikon (Englisch) (z.B. epibenthic)

Adults are found in the neritic zone, commonly over Posidonia beds and on sand or muddy bottoms (Ref. 6518). They are distributed at depths of 30m to 90m (Ref. 56124). Feed on zooplankton. Are protogynous hermaphrodites.

Life cycle and mating behavior Geschlechtsreife | Fortpflanzung | Ablaichen | Eier | Fecundity | Larven

Sex reversal occurs at lengths over 10.9 cm TL in the northeastern Mediterranean (Ref. 93202). Also Ref. 103751.

Hauptreferenz Upload your references | Referenzen | Koordinator | Partner

Heemstra, P.C., 1990. Centracanthidae. p. 768-772. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 7349)

IUCN Rote Liste Status (Ref. 120744)

  nicht bedroht (LC) ; Date assessed: 22 August 2009

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Bedrohung für Menschen

  Harmless





Nutzung durch Menschen

Fischereien: weniger kommerziell; Sportfisch: ja
FAO(Fischereien: production; publication : search) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 13 - 18.1, mean 14.5 (based on 87 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5039   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01122 (0.01026 - 0.01227), b=3.01 (2.98 - 3.04), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  4.2   ±0.6 se; Based on diet studies.
Generation time: 4.4 (2.3 - 6.1) years. Estimated as median LN(3)/K based on 11 growth studies.
Widerstandsfähigkeit (Ref. 120179):  mittel, Verdopplung der Population dauert 1,4 - 4,4 Jahre. (K=0.24; tmax=5).
Prior r = 1.01, 95% CL = 0.66 - 1.51, Based on 1 stock assessment.
Verwundbarkeit (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (45 of 100) .
Preiskategorie (Ref. 80766):   High.