Spicara maena, Blotched picarel : fisheries, gamefish

Spicara maena (Linnaeus, 1758)

Blotched picarel
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Spicara maena   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Spicara maena (Blotched picarel)
Spicara maena
Picture by Patzner, R.

分類 / Names 俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 輻鰭魚綱 (條鰭魚) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) 鱸形目 (Perch-likes) > Sparidae (Porgies) 鯛科 (Porgies)
Etymology: Spicara: Latin, spicare = furnished with spike (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Linnaeus.

Issue
Junior synonym Spicara flexuosa Rafinesque, 1810 is considered valid in CofF ver. January 2018 following Tortonese et al., 1973 (Ref. 6518) and other authors. Its synonymy under the current species will be removed.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態學

; 海洋; 深度上下限 30 - 130 m (Ref. 7349).   亞熱帶的; 47°N - 28°N, 19°W - 42°E

分布 國家 | FAO區域 | 生態系 | 發現紀錄 | Point map | 簡介 | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: Portugal, Morocco, and Canary Islands including the Mediterranean and Black Sea.
東大西洋: 葡萄牙,摩洛哥與加納利群島包括地中海與黑海。

Length at first maturity / 大小 / 重量 / 年齡

Maturity: Lm 10.3  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 25.0 cm SL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 6518); 21.0 cm SL (female); common length : 14.0 cm TL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 3397)

生物學特性     字彙 (例如 epibenthic)

Adults are found in the neritic zone, commonly over Posidonia beds and on sand or muddy bottoms (Ref. 6518). They are distributed at depths of 30m to 90m (Ref. 56124). Feed on zooplankton. Are protogynous hermaphrodites.

淺海的。 普遍在 Posidonia 床上與在沙子或泥底部上.(參考文獻 6518) 吃浮游動物。 一個雌性先熟的雌雄同體。

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | | 孕卵數 | 仔魚

Sex reversal occurs at lengths over 10.9 cm TL in the northeastern Mediterranean (Ref. 93202). Also Ref. 103751.東大西洋: 葡萄牙,摩洛哥與加納利群島包括地中海與黑海。

主要參考資料 Upload your references | 參考文獻 | 合作者 | 合作者

Heemstra, P.C., 1990. Centracanthidae. p. 768-772. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 7349)

IUCN 瀕危狀態 (Ref. 120744)

  無危 (LC) ; Date assessed: 22 August 2009

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

對人類具威脅

  無害處的





人類使用

漁業: 低經濟; 游釣魚種: 是的
FAO(漁業: 產生; publication : search) | FishSource | 周邊海洋

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俗名
同種異名
新陳代謝
捕食者
生態毒物學
繁殖
成熟度
產卵場
產卵群集
孕卵數

卵發育
年龄/大小
成長
長度-重量
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長度-頻率
形態測量圖
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仔魚
稚魚動力學
入添量
豐度
參考文獻
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養殖資訊
品種
遺傳學
基因序列
遺傳率
疾病
加工
Mass conversion
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Stamps, Coins Misc.
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Otoliths
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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 13 - 18.1, mean 14.5 (based on 87 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5039   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01122 (0.01026 - 0.01227), b=3.01 (2.98 - 3.04), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
營養階層 (Ref. 69278):  4.2   ±0.6 se; Based on diet studies.
Generation time: 4.4 (2.3 - 6.1) years. Estimated as median LN(3)/K based on 11 growth studies.
回復力 (Ref. 120179):  中等的, 族群倍增時間最少 1.4 - 4.4年 (K=0.24; tmax=5).
Prior r = 1.01, 95% CL = 0.66 - 1.51, Based on 1 stock assessment.
瀕危性 (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (45 of 100) .
價格種類 (Ref. 80766):   High.