分類 / Names
共通名の | 類義語 | Catalog of Fishes(部類, 種) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
; 海 底生の; 海洋回遊性 (Ref. 51243); 深さの範囲 0 - 172 m (Ref. 114018). Temperate; 54°N - 30°N, 118°E - 118°W
Northwest Pacific: inland Sea of Japan to Kyushu, Japan. Northeast Pacific: From southern California to the western Aleutian Islands (Ref. 114018), Alaska (Ref. 11366).
サイズ / 重さ / 年齢
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 15.0 cm SL オス/雌雄の選別がない; (Ref. 559); common length : 10.0 cm SL オス/雌雄の選別がない; (Ref. 559)
背面の脊椎 (合計): 0; 背鰭 (合計): 55-59; 肛門の骨 0; 臀鰭: 28 - 32; 脊つい: 62 - 67. Characterized by having a horizontal skin fold along its ventral contour, and the absence of pelvic fin and teeth. Lateral plicae 160 to 180. Lower jaw pointed. Lateral line system on head not continuous with that on the body.
Found in sand bottoms and may enter semi-enclosed sea areas (Ref. 11230). Forms large schools. Important food fish in Japan (marketed fresh or dried) and marketed fresh but mainly used for meal and oil manufacture in Europe (Ref. 10384). Common size taken from picture in Ref. 559. Maximum size estimated as 1.5 * common size. Two genetically different lineages were found in Japan Sea/East Sea, perhaps representing two different species (J.K. Kim, oral.comm, FishBoL2012, June 2012).
Life cycle and mating behavior
成熟 | 繁殖 | 放精 | 卵 | 生産力 | 幼生
Masuda, H., K. Amaoka, C. Araga, T. Uyeno and T. Yoshino, 1984. The fishes of the Japanese Archipelago. Vol. 1. Tokai University Press, Tokyo, Japan. 437 p. (text). (Ref. 559)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
協力者画像Stamps, Coins Misc.音シガテラ（食中毒の名前）速度泳ぐ 型式カマOtoliths脳視覚
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 11.9 - 23, mean 19.1 °C (based on 74 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5156 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01023 (0.00534 - 0.01960), b=3.21 (3.04 - 3.38), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
栄養段階 (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.1 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
回復力 (Ref. 120179
): 高い, １５か月以下の倍増期間の最小個体群 (K=0.6).
Prior r = 0.79, 95% CL = 0.52 - 1.18, Based on 4 stock assessments.
弱み (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (26 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 77.9 [37.6, 149.7] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.463 [0.269, 0.821] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.9 [17.6, 20.4] % ; Omega3 = 0.495 [0.270, 0.921] g/100g ; Selenium = 16.3 [7.4, 35.4] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 22.6 [6.9, 71.3] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.768 [0.519, 1.118] mg/100g (wet weight);