Epinephelus sexfasciatus, Sixbar grouper : fisheries

Epinephelus sexfasciatus (Valenciennes, 1828)

Sixbar grouper
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Epinephelus sexfasciatus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Epinephelus sexfasciatus (Sixbar grouper)
Epinephelus sexfasciatus
Picture by Randall, J.E.

分類 / Names 共通名の | 類義語 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

条鰭類 > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Serranidae (Sea basses: groupers and fairy basslets) > Epinephelinae
Etymology: Epinephelus: Greek, epinephelos = cloudy (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Valenciennes.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態学

; 海 関連する礁; 深さの範囲 10 - 80 m (Ref. 5222).   Tropical; 21°N - 21°S, 94°E - 143°E (Ref. 5222)

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Western Central Pacific: known only from tropical waters, from Thailand and the Philippines to northern Australia.

Length at first maturity / サイズ / 重さ / 年齢

Maturity: Lm ?, range 13 - ? cm
Max length : 40.0 cm TL オス/雌雄の選別がない; (Ref. 48635)

簡単な記述 形態学 | 形態計測学

背面の脊椎 (合計): 11; 背鰭 (合計): 14-16; 肛門の骨 3; 臀鰭: 8. Preopercle with two to four greatly enlarged serrae at its angle; upper edge of the operculum straight; nostril sub equal. Maxilla reaches to or slightly past the vertical a rear edge of the eye. Pectoral fins not fleshy. Pyloric caeca 7 or 8. Color of head and body pale grayish brown with 5 dark brown bars on the body and 1 on nape. Scattered pale spots may be present on body and some faint small brown spots are often on the edges of the dark bars. The soft dorsal, caudal, and pelvic fins dusky gray, the pectoral fins grayish or orange-red. The jaws and ventral parts of the head sometimes pale reddish brown.

生物学     用語集 (例 epibenthic)

Common on silty sand or mud bottoms. Its preference for soft-bottom habitats may account for its restricted distribution and absence at oceanic islands. Feeds on small fishes and crustaceans (Ref. 89707).

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟 | 繁殖 | 放精 | | 生産力 | 幼生

主な参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | コーディネーター : Heemstra, Phillip C. | 協力者

Heemstra, P.C. and J.E. Randall, 1993. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 16. Groupers of the world (family Serranidae, subfamily Epinephelinae). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the grouper, rockcod, hind, coral grouper and lyretail species known to date. Rome: FAO. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(16):382 p. (Ref. 5222)

IUCNのレッドリストの状況は (Ref. 120744)

  軽度懸念 (LC) ; Date assessed: 12 March 2018

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

人間に対する脅威

  Harmless





Human uses

水産業: 商業
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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インターネットの情報源

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 26.8 - 29.1, mean 28.3 (based on 926 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01288 (0.00821 - 0.02021), b=3.05 (2.92 - 3.18), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
栄養段階 (Ref. 69278):  3.8   ±0.4 se; Based on diet studies.
Generation time: 2.2 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median LN(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
回復力 (Ref. 120179):  手段, 1.4年~4.4年の倍増期間の最小個体群 (K=0.16).
弱み (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (26 of 100) .
価格帯 (Ref. 80766):   Very high.