Epinephelus sexfasciatus, Sixbar grouper : fisheries

Epinephelus sexfasciatus (Valenciennes, 1828)

Sixbar grouper
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Epinephelus sexfasciatus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Epinephelus sexfasciatus (Sixbar grouper)
Epinephelus sexfasciatus
Picture by Randall, J.E.

分類 / Names 俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 輻鰭魚綱 (條鰭魚) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) 鱸形目 (Perch-likes) > Serranidae (Sea basses: groupers and fairy basslets) 鮨科 (Sea basses: groupers and fairy basslets) > Epinephelinae
Etymology: Epinephelus: Greek, epinephelos = cloudy (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Valenciennes.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態學

; 海洋 礁區魚類; 深度上下限 10 - 80 m (Ref. 5222).   熱帶; 21°N - 21°S, 94°E - 143°E (Ref. 5222)

分布 國家 | FAO區域 | 生態系 | 發現紀錄 | Point map | 簡介 | Faunafri

Western Central Pacific: known only from tropical waters, from Thailand and the Philippines to northern Australia.
中西太平洋: 已知只來自熱帶水域了, 從泰國與菲律賓到澳洲北部。

Length at first maturity / 大小 / 重量 / 年齡

Maturity: Lm ?, range 13 - ? cm
Max length : 40.0 cm TL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 48635)

簡短描述 型態特徵 | 形態測量圖

背棘 (總數): 11; 背的軟條 (總數): 14-16; 臀棘 3; 臀鰭軟條: 8. Preopercle with two to four greatly enlarged serrae at its angle; upper edge of the operculum straight; nostril sub equal. Maxilla reaches to or slightly past the vertical a rear edge of the eye. Pectoral fins not fleshy. Pyloric caeca 7 or 8. Color of head and body pale grayish brown with 5 dark brown bars on the body and 1 on nape. Scattered pale spots may be present on body and some faint small brown spots are often on the edges of the dark bars. The soft dorsal, caudal, and pelvic fins dusky gray, the pectoral fins grayish or orange-red. The jaws and ventral parts of the head sometimes pale reddish brown.
前鰓蓋骨有二到四明顯增大鋸齒在其角上; 鰓蓋直線的上緣; 鼻孔約略相等的。 顎骨達到或些微地越過垂直的一個眼睛後緣。 胸鰭不是肉質。 幽門盲囊 7 或 8. 頭部與身體的顏色灰白的淺灰褐色在身體上 5 深褐色的橫帶與 1 在後頸上。 分散的灰白斑點可能是位於身體之上與一些模糊的小褐色斑點時常在深色橫帶的邊緣上。 軟人背部的﹐尾部的, 與腹鰭暗色的灰色, 胸鰭淺灰色或橘紅色的。 顎與頭部的腹部份有時灰白的紅褐色的。

生物學特性     字彙 (例如 epibenthic)

Common on silty sand or mud bottoms. Its preference for soft-bottom habitats may account for its restricted distribution and absence at oceanic islands. Feeds on small fishes and crustaceans (Ref. 89707).

常見於泥沙或泥底。 它的對軟質底部的棲息地的偏愛可能解釋它的侷限分佈與在大洋性島嶼的缺乏。 吃小魚與甲殼動物。

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | | 孕卵數 | 仔魚

中西太平洋: 已知只來自熱帶水域了, 從泰國與菲律賓到澳洲北部。

主要參考資料 Upload your references | 參考文獻 | 合作者 : Heemstra, Phillip C. | 合作者

Heemstra, P.C. and J.E. Randall, 1993. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 16. Groupers of the world (family Serranidae, subfamily Epinephelinae). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the grouper, rockcod, hind, coral grouper and lyretail species known to date. Rome: FAO. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(16):382 p. (Ref. 5222)

IUCN 瀕危狀態 (Ref. 120744)

  無危 (LC) ; Date assessed: 12 March 2018

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

對人類具威脅

  無害處的





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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 26.8 - 29.1, mean 28.3 (based on 926 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01288 (0.00821 - 0.02021), b=3.05 (2.92 - 3.18), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
營養階層 (Ref. 69278):  3.8   ±0.4 se; Based on diet studies.
Generation time: 2.2 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median LN(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
回復力 (Ref. 120179):  中等的, 族群倍增時間最少 1.4 - 4.4年 (K=0.16).
瀕危性 (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (26 of 100) .
價格種類 (Ref. 80766):   Very high.