Acanthurus blochii, Ringtail surgeonfish : fisheries, aquarium

Acanthurus blochii Valenciennes, 1835

Ringtail surgeonfish
添加你自己的观测位置在 Fish Watcher
Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Acanthurus blochii   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
上传你的 图片 和 影像
Pictures | Videos | 谷歌图片
Image of Acanthurus blochii (Ringtail surgeonfish)
Acanthurus blochii
Picture by Randall, J.E.

分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes(, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri > Acanthuriformes (Surgeonfishes) 鱸形目 (Surgeonfishes) > Acanthuridae (Surgeonfishes, tangs, unicornfishes) 刺尾鯛科 (Surgeonfishes, tangs, unicornfishes) > Acanthurinae
Etymology: Acanthurus: Greek, akantha = thorn + Greek, oura = tail (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Valenciennes.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 海洋 礁区鱼类; 深度上下限 2 - 15 m (Ref. 90102).   热带; 31°N - 34°S, 25°E - 156°W

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: East Africa, including the Mascarene Islands (Ref. 37792) to the Hawaiian and Society islands, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to Lord Howe Island.
印度-太平洋: 东非, 包括玛斯科林岛 (参考文献 37792) 到夏威夷与社会群岛, 北至琉球群岛, 南至罗得豪岛。

大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 45.0 cm SL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 48637); 最大年龄: 35 年 (Ref. 52229)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

背棘 (总数): 9; 背的软条 (总数): 25-27; 臀棘 3; 臀鳍软条: 24 - 25. Color in life bluish grey with numerous yellowish brown spots which tend to form irregular longitudinal lines; head with narrow irregular stripes; behind eye a yellow spot; brown pectoral fins; base of caudal fin with white bar. Caudal spine large, 3 - 4.4 in head. Stomach gizzard-like. Differs from A. dussumieri by having vertical stripes instead of spots on the blue central area of the caudal fin, from A. mata by having a lunate caudal fin, and from A. xanthopterus by having plain brown to blue-grey pectoral fins (Ref. 1602). The white ring around the base of the tail varies in intensity and may occasionally be absent (Ref. 1602).
颜色活着时趋向形成不规则的纵向线的蓝灰色的有很多的土黄色斑点; 头部有狭窄的不规则的斑纹; 在眼一个黄斑后面; 褐色胸鳍; 尾鳍基底有白色的横带。 尾棘大的,3- 4.4 头长比率。 腹部像砂囊一样的。 有别于 A. dussumieri 藉着具有垂直的斑纹取代在尾鳍的蓝色中央区域上的斑点, 从 A. mata 藉由有一个新月状的尾鳍, 而且从 A. xanthopterus 藉着具有全褐色的对蓝灰色胸鳍.(参考文献 1602) 白色的环尾部的基底的周围改变色彩而且可能偶然地缺席。 (参考文献 1602)

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Adults occur in outer lagoon and seaward reefs, usually seen in small groups and school in some oceanic locations (Ref. 48637). Benthopelagic (Ref. 58302). They feed primarily on the algal film covering compacted sand, ingesting the usual component of sand which probably aids in the trituration of the algal food in the thick-walled stomach, also feed on diatoms and detritus (Ref. 3921).

出现于舄湖外部与临海礁石, 通常在一些大洋性的地点中在小群鱼群与鱼群中见到.(参考文献 48637) 主要吃海藻的薄膜密实的覆盖在沙上, 摄取一般沙子的成分可能在薄的胃壁中帮助磨碎海藻的食物, 也吃硅藻与碎屑.(参考文献 3921)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

印度-太平洋: 东非, 包括玛斯科林岛 (参考文献 37792) 到夏威夷与社会群岛, 北至琉球群岛, 南至罗得豪岛。

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 : Randall, John E. | 合作者

Randall, J.E., 1987. Three nomenclatorial changes in Indo-Pacific surgeonfishes (Acanthurinae). Pac. Sci. 41(1-4):54-61. (Ref. 1921)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 123251)

  最不相关 (LC) ; Date assessed: 03 May 2010

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  无害处的





人类利用

渔业: 商业性; 水族馆: 商业性
FAO - Publication: search | FishSource | 周边海洋

更多信息

国家
FAO区域
生态系
标本纪录
简介
Stocks
生态学
食性
食物相
食物消耗量
定量
俗名
同种异名
新陈代谢
捕食者
生态毒物学
繁殖
成熟度
产卵场
产卵群集
孕卵数

卵的发育
年龄范围
成长
体长-体重
体长-体长
体长-频率
形态测量图
型态特徵
仔鱼
稚鱼动力学
入添量
丰度
BRUVS
参考文献
养殖
养殖信息
品种
遗传学
基因序列
遗传率
疾病
加工
Nutrients
Mass conversion
合作者
照片
Stamps, Coins Misc.
声音
神经毒
速度
泳型
鳃区
Otoliths
脑重体重比
眼睛色素

工具

特别资料

下载 XML

网络资源

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | 核实 FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: , | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: 基因组, 核苷酸 | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | 国家资料库 | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | 公众的水族馆 | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | 树状分类阶层 | Wikipedia: 转至, 搜寻 | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | 动物学的记录

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 24.9 - 28.8, mean 27.8 °C (based on 1800 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.02042 (0.01320 - 0.03157), b=2.99 (2.86 - 3.12), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  2.0   ±0.00 se; based on food items.
Generation time: 4.4 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
回复力 (Ref. 120179):  低的, 最小族群倍增时间4.5 - 14 年 (tmax=35; K=0.25).
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (38 of 100) .
价格分类 (Ref. 80766):   Medium.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 47.2 [15.0, 110.0] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.733 [0.287, 1.786] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.5 [17.3, 19.7] % ; Omega3 = 0.106 [0.050, 0.217] g/100g ; Selenium = 19.8 [7.2, 59.5] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 27.6 [6.9, 106.9] μg/100g ; Zinc = 2.28 [0.72, 4.36] mg/100g (wet weight);