Acipenser baerii, Siberian sturgeon : fisheries, aquaculture, aquarium

Acipenser baerii Brandt, 1869

Siberian sturgeon
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Acipenser baerii
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Classification / Names Nombres comunes | Sinónimos | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterígios (peces con aletas radiadas) > Acipenseriformes (Sturgeons and paddlefishes) > Acipenseridae (Sturgeons) > Acipenserinae
Etymology: Acipenser: Latin, acipenser = sturgeon, 1853 (Ref. 45335).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecología

; agua dulce; salobre demersal; pH range: 7.0 - 7.5; dH range: ? - 20; potamodromo (Ref. 57765); rango de profundidad 0 - 200 m (Ref. 57765), usually 1 - 8 m (Ref. 57765).   Temperate; 1°C - 19°C (Ref. 57765); 74°N - 46°N, 64°E - 162°E

Distribución Países | Áreas FAO | Ecosistemas | Ocurrencias, apariciones | Point map | Introducciones | Faunafri

Asia: Siberia, rivers Ob, Irtysh, Yenisei, Lena, Kolyma, Khatanga, Pyasina, Anabar, Olenyok, Yana and Lake Baikal (Ref. 57765). Non-migratory populations exist in all river systems (Ref. 57765).

Length at first maturity / Tamaño / Peso / Age

Maturity: Lm 86.9, range 65 - 167 cm
Max length : 200 cm TL macho / no sexado; (Ref. 40476); peso máximo publicado: 210.0 kg (Ref. 59043); edad máxima reportada: 63 años (Ref. 57765)

Short description Morfología | Morfometría

Extended snouts; four barbels in front of the mouth (Ref. 4639). The back is light grey to dark brown colored. The belly color varies from white to clear yellow. Five row s of scutes: 10-19D, 32-59L, 7-16V. Small star-like scutes between the main ones. Clearly slit inferior lip (Ref. 40476).

Biología     Glosario (por ej. epibenthic)

Found in deep and shallow parts of rivers, with moderate to swift current usually at depths of 1 to 8 m (Ref. 57765). Adults live essentially in freshwater although some fish frequently occur in estuaries. Males are sexually mature between 9 and 29 years; females between 9 and 34 years (Ref. 57765). Spawn in main river channel over stone-gravel or gravel-sand bottom and with strong current (Ref. 59043).

Life cycle and mating behavior Madurez | Reproducción | Puesta | Huevos | Fecundidad | Larva

Potamodromous species (Ref. 57765). In a natural environment, males reach sexual maturity at 9-1 5 years of age and females at 16-20 years (in water recirculation systems, sexual maturity can first occur at 5 years). Spawning happens in the summer and generally every two years. Membranes on eggs become increasingly more sticky after fertilization and this allows them to stick to the substratum. This can become a problem in nurseries, but it is solved by washing the eggs in clay or diatomaceous earth suspensions. Caviar (not fecundated ovocites ) can be over 1 0% of the corporal weight of a mature female. Incubation lasts about 1 6 days (at 10-1 5°). Larval development lasts about 20 days (at 18°). Egg size 3.0-3.6 mm, larval length at hatching 10-12 mm.

Main reference Upload your references | Referencias | Coordinador | Colaboradores

Baillie, J. and B. Groombridge (eds.), 1996. 1996 IUCN red list of threatened animals. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland. 378 p. (Ref. 12255)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)

  Endangered (EN) (A2bcd+4bcd); Date assessed: 24 October 2009

CITES (Ref. 118484)


Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

Pesquerías: muy comercial; Acuicultura: comercial; Acuario: Acuarios públicos
FAO(Acuicultura: producción, species profile; pesquerías: species profile; publication : search) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

Más información

Nombres comunes
Sinónimos
Metabolismo
Despredadores
Ecotoxicología
Reproducción
Madurez
Puesta
Agregación para la puesta
Fecundidad
Huevos
Egg development
Age/Size
Crecimiento
Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Morfometría
Morfología
Larva
Dinámica larvaria
Reclutamiento
Abundancia
Referencias
Acuicultura
Perfil de acuicultura
Razas
Genética
Frecuencias de alelos
heritabilidad
Enfermedades
Procesamiento
Mass conversion
Colaboradores
Imágenes
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Sonidos
Ciguatera
Velocidad
Tipo de natación
Superficie branquial
Otolitos
Cerebros
Visión

Herramientas

Special reports

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Fuentes de Internet

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00263 (0.00154 - 0.00450), b=3.27 (3.13 - 3.41), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Nivel trófico (Ref. 69278):  3.3   ±0.2 se; based on diet studies.
Resiliencia (Ref. 120179):  Muy bajo, población duplicada en un tiempo mínimo superior a 14 años (tm=7-34; tmax=63; Fec=16,500-420,000; K=0.03).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Very high vulnerability (85 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.