Acipenser baerii, Siberian sturgeon : fisheries, aquaculture, aquarium

Acipenser baerii Brandt, 1869

Siberian sturgeon
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Image of Acipenser baerii (Siberian sturgeon)
Acipenser baerii
Picture by Hartl, A.

رده بندی / Names اسامي عام | مترادف | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

ماهبان شعاع باله > Acipenseriformes (Sturgeons and paddlefishes) > Acipenseridae (Sturgeons) > Acipenserinae
Etymology: Acipenser: Latin, acipenser = sturgeon, 1853 (Ref. 45335).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range بوم شناسي

; آب شيرين; لب شور نزديك كف زي; pH range: 7.0 - 7.5; dH range: ? - 20; رود رو (Ref. 57765); تغييرات عمق 0 - 200 m (Ref. 57765), usually 1 - 8 m (Ref. 57765).   Temperate; 1°C - 19°C (Ref. 57765); 74°N - 46°N, 64°E - 162°E

پراكنش كشورها | مناطق سازمان خوار و بار جهاني (FAO) | Ecosystems | ظهور | Point map | معرفي | Faunafri

Asia: Siberia, rivers Ob, Irtysh, Yenisei, Lena, Kolyma, Khatanga, Pyasina, Anabar, Olenyok, Yana and Lake Baikal (Ref. 57765). Non-migratory populations exist in all river systems (Ref. 57765).

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / سن

Maturity: Lm 86.9, range 65 - 167 cm
Max length : 200 cm TL جنس نر / بدون خواص جنسي; (Ref. 40476); بيشينه وزن گزارش شده: 210.0 kg (Ref. 59043); بيشينه سن گزارش شده: 63 سال ها (Ref. 57765)

توصيف مختصر ريخت شناسي | ريخت ستجي بوسيله انداره گيري

Extended snouts; four barbels in front of the mouth (Ref. 4639). The back is light grey to dark brown colored. The belly color varies from white to clear yellow. Five row s of scutes: 10-19D, 32-59L, 7-16V. Small star-like scutes between the main ones. Clearly slit inferior lip (Ref. 40476).

زيست شناسي     واژه نامه (بعنوان مثال epibenthic)

Found in deep and shallow parts of rivers, with moderate to swift current usually at depths of 1 to 8 m (Ref. 57765). Adults live essentially in freshwater although some fish frequently occur in estuaries. Males are sexually mature between 9 and 29 years; females between 9 and 34 years (Ref. 57765). Spawn in main river channel over stone-gravel or gravel-sand bottom and with strong current (Ref. 59043).

Life cycle and mating behavior بلوغ | تولید مثل | تخم ریزی | تخم ها | Fecundity | توزاد ( لارو)

Potamodromous species (Ref. 57765). In a natural environment, males reach sexual maturity at 9-1 5 years of age and females at 16-20 years (in water recirculation systems, sexual maturity can first occur at 5 years). Spawning happens in the summer and generally every two years. Membranes on eggs become increasingly more sticky after fertilization and this allows them to stick to the substratum. This can become a problem in nurseries, but it is solved by washing the eggs in clay or diatomaceous earth suspensions. Caviar (not fecundated ovocites ) can be over 1 0% of the corporal weight of a mature female. Incubation lasts about 1 6 days (at 10-1 5°). Larval development lasts about 20 days (at 18°). Egg size 3.0-3.6 mm, larval length at hatching 10-12 mm.

مآخذ اصلی Upload your references | مراجع | هماهنگ كننده | همكاران

Baillie, J. and B. Groombridge (eds.), 1996. 1996 IUCN red list of threatened animals. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland. 378 p. (Ref. 12255)

وضعيت در فهرست قرمز IUCN (Ref. 123251)

  در معرض خطر (EN) (A2bcd+4bcd); Date assessed: 24 October 2009

CITES (Ref. 118484)


خطر برای انسان ها

  Harmless





استفاده انسانی

ماهي گيري – شيلات: با ارزش تجاري بالا; آبزي پروري: تجاري; آكواريوم: آکواریوم عمومی
FAO(آبزي پروري: production, نمايه گونه; ماهي گيري – شيلات: نمايه گونه; publication : search) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

اطلاعات بيشتر

اسامي عام
مترادف
سوخت و ساز
شکارچیان
سم شناسي بوم زيستي
تولید مثل
بلوغ
تخم ریزی
Spawning aggregation
Fecundity
تخم ها
نمو تخم
Age/Size
رشد
طول - وزن
طول - طول
نوسانات طولی
ريخت ستجي بوسيله انداره گيري
ريخت شناسي
توزاد ( لارو)
پويايي لاروي
بازسازی
فراواني
مراجع
آبزي پروري
نمايه آبزي پروري
نژادها
ژنتيك
تواتر آلل ها
وارث
بيماري ها
فرآوری
Mass conversion
همكاران
عکس ها
Stamps, Coins Misc.
صداها
سيگواترا
سرعت
نوع شناگری
منطقه آبششي
Otoliths
مغزها
بینایی

ابزارها

گزارش های ويژه

بارگيری XML

منابع اينترنتي

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00263 (0.00154 - 0.00450), b=3.27 (3.13 - 3.41), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  3.3   ±0.2 se; based on diet studies.
جهندگی (Ref. 120179):  خیلی آهسته, كمينه زمان لازم براي دو برابر شدن جمعيت بيش از 14 سال (tm=7-34; tmax=63; Fec=16,500-420,000; K=0.03).
آسيب پذيری (Ref. 59153):  Very high vulnerability (85 of 100) .
طبقه قيمت (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.