Parupeneus margaritatus, Pearly goatfish

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Parupeneus margaritatus Randall & Guézé, 1984

Pearly goatfish
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This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Parupeneus margaritatus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Parupeneus margaritatus (Pearly goatfish)
Parupeneus margaritatus
Picture by Field, R.

分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes(, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri > Mulliformes (Goatfishes) > Mullidae (Goatfishes)
Etymology: Parupeneus: Latin, parum, parvum = small + Peneus, the name of a river.  More on authors: Randall & Guézé.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 海洋 礁区鱼类; 深度上下限 1 - 55 m (Ref. 54393), usually - m (Ref. ).   热带; 0°C -

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Western Indian Ocean: Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman to western Pakistan.
西印度洋: 波斯湾与阿曼湾到巴基斯坦西部。

大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 23.0 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 11441)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

背棘 (总数): 8; 背的软条 (总数): 9; 臀棘 1; 臀鳍软条: 7; 脊椎骨: 24. Diagnosis: Pectoral rays 15-17 (usually 16). Gill rakers 6-8 + 22-25 (total 29-33). Body moderately elongate, the depth 3.5-4.05 in SL (to 4.35 in juveniles); head length (HL) 2.75-3.0 in SL; snout length 1.75-2.3 in head length; upper-jaw length 3.0-3.5 in HL; barbels relatively short, 1.4-1.65 in HL; third dorsal spine longest, 1.65-1.95 in HL; last dorsal soft ray only slightly longer than penultimate ray; pectoral-fin length 1.5-1.7 in HL; pelvic-fin length 1.5-1.8 in HL. Gray to brownish red dorsally, whitish to light red ventrally, with a small pearly white to pale blue spot on each scale of body below the lateral line (center of scales on body above lateral line whitish but not as a distinct spot); an elongate white spot anteriorly on upper side of caudal peduncle, sometimes followed by a dusky spot of about the same size; a brown band on snout from upper lip to eye, often continuing onto postorbital head and narrowly a short distance onto body (band usually not persisting in preservative) (Ref. 54393).
鉴别: 胸鳍鳍条 15-17.(通常 16) 鳃耙 6-8+22-25.(总数 29-33) 身体中等细长的, 深度 3.5-4.05 分之一标准体长;(到 4.35 在稚鱼中) 头长 (HL)2.75-3.0 分之一标准体长; 吻的长度 1.75-2.3 分之一头长; 上颌长度 3.0-3.5个 HL比率; 触须相当短的, 1.4-1.65个 HL比率; 第三个背棘长的, 1.65-1.95个 HL比率; 持续背部的软鳍条只些微地长度超过倒数第二的鳍条; 胸鳍长度 1.5-1.7个 HL比率; 腹鰭長度 1.5-1.8個 HL比率。 灰色到紅褐色的背面, 微白色的到淡紅色腹地, 在側線之下在身體的每個鱗片上具有一個小的珠色白色到藍灰色斑點;(鱗片中央在側線之上的身體上微白色的但是不作為一個明顯的斑點) 一個細長的白色斑點前面地在尾柄的上側面上, 有時跟隨著一個大約相同的大小暗色斑點; 來自上嘴唇到眼睛的在吻上的一條褐色條紋, 時常延伸到眼眶後的頭部與狹窄地在身體 (條紋通常不持續在防腐劑中) 之上的短距離.(參考文獻 54393)

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Occurs on open sand or silty sand bottom or on sand and rubble in the vicinity of reefs or rocky outcrops (Ref. 54393).

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

西印度洋: 波斯湾与阿曼湾到巴基斯坦西部。

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 : Randall, John E. | 合作者

Randall, J.E., 2004. Revision of the goatfish genus Parupeneus (Perciformes: Mullidae), with descriptions of two new species. Indo-Pac. Fish. (36):64 p. (Ref. 54393)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 124695)

  最不相关 (LC) ; Date assessed: 12 August 2019

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  无害处的





人类利用

FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

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网络资源

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | 核实 FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: , | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: 基因组, 核苷酸 | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | 树状分类阶层 | Wikipedia: 转至, 搜寻 | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | 动物学的记录

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 25.5 - 29.3, mean 27.3 °C (based on 238 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01202 (0.00556 - 0.02601), b=3.10 (2.93 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  3.4   ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
回复力 (Ref. 120179):  高度, 族群倍增时间少于 15个月 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (24 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 52.9 [25.9, 120.4] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.365 [0.193, 0.778] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.3 [15.1, 21.1] % ; Omega3 = 0.137 [0.074, 0.249] g/100g ; Selenium = 55.2 [24.6, 127.7] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 292 [46, 1,140] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.626 [0.375, 1.273] mg/100g (wet weight);