Pseudoscaphirhynchus kaufmanni, Amu Darya sturgeon : fisheries

Pseudoscaphirhynchus kaufmanni (Kessler, 1877)

Amu Darya sturgeon
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Image of Pseudoscaphirhynchus kaufmanni (Amu Darya sturgeon)
Pseudoscaphirhynchus kaufmanni
Picture by Salnikov, V.B.

klasifikasi / Names Nama-nama umum | Sinonim (persamaan) | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Ikan bertulan sejati > Acipenseriformes (Sturgeons and paddlefishes) > Acipenseridae (Sturgeons) > Acipenserinae
Etymology: Pseudoscaphirhynchus: Greek, pseudes = false + Greek, skaphe = boat + Greek, rhyngchos = snout (Ref. 45335).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ekologi

; air tawar; payau dasar (demersal); potamodromous (Ref. 51243); kisaran kedalaman 1 - 2 m (Ref. 109751).   Temperate; 10°C - 20°C (Ref. 2059)

Penyebaran Negara-negara | Daerah-daerah FAO | Ecosystems | Kemunculan | Point map | Introduksi | Faunafri

Asia: Former USSR: Amu Darya River from the Pyandzh to the mouths and lower tributaries. Sometimes in the brackish water of Taldyk Bay, the delta of the Amu Darya in the Aral Sea. Considered close to extinction (Ref. 6866). International trade restricted (CITES II, since 1.4.98; CMS Appendix II). Registered in the 1984 USSR Red Book; 1985 Turkmen SSR Red Data Book; 1996 IUCN Red List; an d1997 CITES Lists (Ref. 35930).

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / umur

Maturity: Lm 45.0  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 75.0 cm TL jantan/; (Ref. 593); Berat maksimum terpublikasi: 2.0 kg (Ref. 593)

Biologi     Daftar kata (contoh epibenthic)

Its natural habitat and population have declined due to the breakage of the hydrological regime of the Amu Dariya River. Usual weight not more than 600-700 grams. Females with mature hard roe, very rare. Apparently sensitive to oxygen content in the water, changes in its chemical content, and to pollution. Fishing is prohibited (Ref. 35930). Spawns at 16° C (Ref. 719).

Life cycle and mating behavior Kematangan | Reproduksi, perkembang biakan | Pemijahan | telur-telur | Fecundity | Larva

rujukan utama Upload your references | Acuan | Koordinator | mitra

Berg, L.S., 1962. Freshwater fishes of the U.S.S.R. and adjacent countries. volume 1, 4th edition. Israel Program for Scientific Translations Ltd, Jerusalem. (Russian version published 1948). (Ref. 593)

Status IUCN Red List (Ref. 123251)

  sangat terancam (CR) (A2c); Date assessed: 24 October 2009

CITES (Ref. 118484)


ancaman kepada manusia

  Harmless





penggunaan manusia

Perikanan: komersial
FAO(Perikanan: profail spesis; publication : search) | FishSource |

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Sumber internet

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | semak peneliti ikan | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genom, Nukleotida) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(pergi, Cari) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.6250   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00324 (0.00146 - 0.00716), b=3.16 (2.97 - 3.35), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  3.4   ±0.3 se; based on diet studies.
Generation time: 6.7 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
Daya lenting (Ref. 120179):  Rendah, Waktu penggandaan populasi minimum 4.5 - 14 tahun (K=0.16; tm=6-7).
keancaman (Ref. 59153):  High vulnerability (55 of 100) .
kategori harga (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.