Centrophryne spinulosa, Horned lantern fish

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Centrophryne spinulosa Regan & Trewavas, 1932

Horned lantern fish
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Centrophryne spinulosa   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Centrophryne spinulosa (Horned lantern fish)
Centrophryne spinulosa
Picture by Ho, H.-C.

分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes(, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri > Lophiiformes (Anglerfishes) > Centrophrynidae (Prickly Seadevils)
Etymology: Centrophryne: Greek, kentron and Latin, centrum = prickle or spine (in addition to the midpoint of a circle ) + Greek, phryne = toad, prickly toad (Ref. 86949).  More on authors: Regan & Trewavas.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 海洋 深海区的; 深度上下限 590 - 2325 m (Ref. 86949), usually - m (Ref. ).   深水域; 0°C - ; 40°N - 43°S, 180°W - 180°E

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Tropical and subtropical parts of all oceans. Eastern Atlantic: single record at 18°58'S, 10°14'W. North-eastern Atlantic: single record at 30°45'N, 14°30'W.
所有海洋的熱帶與亞熱帶部份。 東大西洋: 在 18 ° 58個 'S,10 ° 14' W. 東北大西洋的單一記錄: 在 30 ° 45個 'N,14 ° 30' W. 的單一記錄

大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 1.3 cm SL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 86949); 24.7 cm SL (female)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

背的软条 (总数): 6-7; 臀鳍软条: 5 - 6. Distinguishing characteristics: larvae and juvenile with small digitiform hyoid barbel. Metamorphosed females: with single oval-shaped ovary; presence of supraethamoid; frontals are narrowly separated by cartilage along dorsal midline, each without ventromedial extension; presence of parietals, pterosphenoids, metapterygoids and mesopterygoids; absence of sphenotic spines; hyomandibula with double head; 2 hypohyals and 6(2+4) branchiostegal rays; bifurcated opercle; dorsal fork, short and less than 50% the length of ventral fork; long and slender subopercle with slender tapering upper end; well developed spine on anterior margin of lower end of subopercle; quadrate and articular spines present but minute; absence of angular and preopercular spines; jaws equal anteriorly, lower jaw with well-developed symphysial spine; absence of postmaxillary process of premaxilla; long and well developed anterior-maxillomandibular ligament; first pharyngobranchial present and suspensory in function; well-developed and toothed second and third pharyngobranchial; fourth pharyngobranchial absent; well ossified first, second and third hypobranchials, single ossified basibranchial; first epibranchial and all four ceratobranchials with teeth present; epurals absent; hypural plate deeply notched posteriorly; pterygiophore of illicium bears small ossified remnant of second cephalic spine; escal bulb contains central lumen with an escal pore leading to the exterior; tooth like denticles absent in esca; absence of posteroventral process of coracoid; presence of four pectoral radials, fusing to 3 in specimens greater than 150mm; pelvic bones present, slightly expanded distally; caudal rays 9 (2 simple+4 bifurcated+3 simple); numerous , close-set dermal spinules covering skin; pyloric caeca absent. Males: short hyoid barbel behind symphysis of lower jaw; small eyes, each without an aphakic space; relatively large olfactory organs; triangular shape of upper denticular plate, bearing a transverse series of 3 well-developed hooked denticles; crescent shaped lower denticular plate bearing transverse series of 4 strong, symmetrically placed denticles, fused at base; skin is naked, absence of dermal spinules. Larvae: short and deep; moderately inflated skin; short, digitiform hyoid barbel; moderate size of pectoral fins, not reaching base of dorsal and anal fins; pelvic fins absent (Ref. 086949).

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Also mesopelagic. Males dwarfed, non-parasitic (Ref. 4493). 25 records from all oceans (Ref. 36124).

也中层带。 雄性矮种的, 非寄生.(参考文献 4493) 25 来自所有的海洋的纪录.(参考文献 36124)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

所有海洋的熱帶與亞熱帶部份。 東大西洋: 在 18 ° 58個 'S,10 ° 14' W. 東北大西洋的單一記錄: 在 30 ° 45個 'N,14 ° 30' W. 的單一記錄

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 | 合作者

Bertelsen, E., 1990. Centrophrynidae. p. 509. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 1. (Ref. 4493)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 124695)

  最不相关 (LC) ; Date assessed: 10 July 2014

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  无害处的





人类利用

FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 3.5 - 6.9, mean 4.7 °C (based on 976 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 1.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  4.2   ±0.7 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
回复力
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (20 of 100) .