Centrophryne spinulosa, Horned lantern fish

Centrophryne spinulosa Regan & Trewavas, 1932

Horned lantern fish
Add your observation in Fish Watcher
Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Centrophryne spinulosa   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
Upload your photos and videos
Pictures | Google image
Image of Centrophryne spinulosa (Horned lantern fish)
Centrophryne spinulosa
Picture by Ho, H.-C.

Classification / Names Κοινά ονόματα | Συνώνυμα | Catalog of Fishes(Γένος, Είδη) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Lophiiformes (Anglerfishes) > Centrophrynidae (Prickly Seadevils)
Etymology: Centrophryne: Greek, kentron and Latin, centrum = prickle or spine (in addition to the midpoint of a circle ) + Greek, phryne = toad, prickly toad (Ref. 86949).  More on authors: Regan & Trewavas.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Οικολογία

; Θαλασσινό(ά) βαθυπελαγικό(ς); εύρος βάθους 590 - 2325 m (Ref. 86949), usually - m (Ref. ).   Deep-water; 0°C - ; 40°N - 43°S, 180°W - 180°E

Κατανομή Χώρες | Περιοχές FAO | Οικοσυστήματα | Παρουσίες | Point map | Εισαγωγές | Faunafri

Tropical and subtropical parts of all oceans. Eastern Atlantic: single record at 18°58'S, 10°14'W. North-eastern Atlantic: single record at 30°45'N, 14°30'W.

Μέγεθος / Βάρος / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 1.3 cm SL αρσενικό/απροσδιόριστο; (Ref. 86949); 24.7 cm SL (female)

Short description Μορφολογία | Μορφομετρία

Μαλακές ραχιαίες ακτίνες (συνολικά): 6-7; Μαλακές εδρικές ακτίνες: 5 - 6. Distinguishing characteristics: larvae and juvenile with small digitiform hyoid barbel. Metamorphosed females: with single oval-shaped ovary; presence of supraethamoid; frontals are narrowly separated by cartilage along dorsal midline, each without ventromedial extension; presence of parietals, pterosphenoids, metapterygoids and mesopterygoids; absence of sphenotic spines; hyomandibula with double head; 2 hypohyals and 6(2+4) branchiostegal rays; bifurcated opercle; dorsal fork, short and less than 50% the length of ventral fork; long and slender subopercle with slender tapering upper end; well developed spine on anterior margin of lower end of subopercle; quadrate and articular spines present but minute; absence of angular and preopercular spines; jaws equal anteriorly, lower jaw with well-developed symphysial spine; absence of postmaxillary process of premaxilla; long and well developed anterior-maxillomandibular ligament; first pharyngobranchial present and suspensory in function; well-developed and toothed second and third pharyngobranchial; fourth pharyngobranchial absent; well ossified first, second and third hypobranchials, single ossified basibranchial; first epibranchial and all four ceratobranchials with teeth present; epurals absent; hypural plate deeply notched posteriorly; pterygiophore of illicium bears small ossified remnant of second cephalic spine; escal bulb contains central lumen with an escal pore leading to the exterior; tooth like denticles absent in esca; absence of posteroventral process of coracoid; presence of four pectoral radials, fusing to 3 in specimens greater than 150mm; pelvic bones present, slightly expanded distally; caudal rays 9 (2 simple+4 bifurcated+3 simple); numerous , close-set dermal spinules covering skin; pyloric caeca absent. Males: short hyoid barbel behind symphysis of lower jaw; small eyes, each without an aphakic space; relatively large olfactory organs; triangular shape of upper denticular plate, bearing a transverse series of 3 well-developed hooked denticles; crescent shaped lower denticular plate bearing transverse series of 4 strong, symmetrically placed denticles, fused at base; skin is naked, absence of dermal spinules. Larvae: short and deep; moderately inflated skin; short, digitiform hyoid barbel; moderate size of pectoral fins, not reaching base of dorsal and anal fins; pelvic fins absent (Ref. 086949).

Βιολογία     Γλωσσάρι (π.χ. epibenthic)

Also mesopelagic. Males dwarfed, non-parasitic (Ref. 4493). 25 records from all oceans (Ref. 36124).

Life cycle and mating behavior Γεννητική Ωρίμανση | Αναπαραγωγή | Γεννοβολία | Αβγά | Γονιμότητα | Προνύμφες

Main reference Upload your references | Αναφορές | Συντονιστής | Συνεργάτες

Bertelsen, E., 1990. Centrophrynidae. p. 509. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 1. (Ref. 4493)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)

  Least Concern (LC) ; Date assessed: 10 July 2014

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

Περισσότερες πληροφορίες

Χώρες
Περιοχές FAO
Οικοσυστήματα
Παρουσίες
Εισαγωγές
Stocks
Οικολογία
Δίαιτα
Τροφικά αντικείμενα
Κατανάλωση τροφής
Σιτηρέσιο
Κοινά ονόματα
Συνώνυμα
Μεταβολισμός
Θηρευτές
Οικοτοξικολογία
Αναπαραγωγή
Γεννητική Ωρίμανση
Γεννοβολία
Συναθροίσεις γεννοβολίας
Γονιμότητα
Αβγά
Egg development
Age/Size
Αύξηση
Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Μορφομετρία
Μορφολογία
Προνύμφες
Δυναμική προνυμφών
Στρατολόγηση
Αφθονία
BRUVS
Αναφορές
Υδατοκαλλιέργειες
Προφίλ υδατοκαλλιέργειας
Στελέχοι
Γενετική
Συχνότητες αλληλόμορφων
Κληρονομικότητα
Ασθένειες
Μεταποίηση
Nutrients
Mass conversion
Συνεργάτες
Φωτογραφίες
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Ήχοι
Σιγκουατέρα
Ταχύτητα
Κολυμβητικός Τύπος
Επιφάνεια βραγχίων
Otoliths
Εγκέφαλοι
Όραση

Εργαλεία

Special reports

Download XML

Διαδικτυακές πηγές

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: Γένος, Είδη | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: genome, nucleotide | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Εθνικές βάσεις δεδομένων | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Δέντρο Ζωής | Wikipedia: Go, αναζήτηση | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 3.5 - 6.9, mean 4.7 °C (based on 976 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 1.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
Τροφικό Επίπεδο (Ref. 69278):  4.2   ±0.7 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Ελαστικότητα
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (20 of 100) .