Centrophryne spinulosa, Horned lantern fish

Centrophryne spinulosa Regan & Trewavas, 1932

Horned lantern fish
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Centrophryne spinulosa   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Centrophryne spinulosa (Horned lantern fish)
Centrophryne spinulosa
Picture by Ho, H.-C.

رده بندی / Names اسامي عام | مترادف | Catalog of Fishes(جنس, گونه ها) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Lophiiformes (Anglerfishes) > Centrophrynidae (Prickly Seadevils)
Etymology: Centrophryne: Greek, kentron and Latin, centrum = prickle or spine (in addition to the midpoint of a circle ) + Greek, phryne = toad, prickly toad (Ref. 86949).  More on authors: Regan & Trewavas.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range بوم شناسي

; دريايي ناحیه ای از منطقه اقیانوسی با عمق بین 1000 تا 4000 متر. موجوداتی که در آبهای آزاد بین اعماق 1000 تا 4000 متر زندگی و تغذیه می کنند; تغييرات عمق 590 - 2325 m (Ref. 86949), usually - m (Ref. ).   Deep-water; 0°C - ; 40°N - 43°S, 180°W - 180°E

پراكنش كشورها | مناطق سازمان خوار و بار جهاني (FAO) | Ecosystems | ظهور | Point map | معرفي | Faunafri

Tropical and subtropical parts of all oceans. Eastern Atlantic: single record at 18°58'S, 10°14'W. North-eastern Atlantic: single record at 30°45'N, 14°30'W.

Size / Weight / سن

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 1.3 cm SL جنس نر / بدون خواص جنسي; (Ref. 86949); 24.7 cm SL (female)

توصيف مختصر ريخت شناسي | ريخت ستجي بوسيله انداره گيري

شعاع نرم باله پشتي (کل): 6-7; شعاع نرم باله مخرجي: 5 - 6. Distinguishing characteristics: larvae and juvenile with small digitiform hyoid barbel. Metamorphosed females: with single oval-shaped ovary; presence of supraethamoid; frontals are narrowly separated by cartilage along dorsal midline, each without ventromedial extension; presence of parietals, pterosphenoids, metapterygoids and mesopterygoids; absence of sphenotic spines; hyomandibula with double head; 2 hypohyals and 6(2+4) branchiostegal rays; bifurcated opercle; dorsal fork, short and less than 50% the length of ventral fork; long and slender subopercle with slender tapering upper end; well developed spine on anterior margin of lower end of subopercle; quadrate and articular spines present but minute; absence of angular and preopercular spines; jaws equal anteriorly, lower jaw with well-developed symphysial spine; absence of postmaxillary process of premaxilla; long and well developed anterior-maxillomandibular ligament; first pharyngobranchial present and suspensory in function; well-developed and toothed second and third pharyngobranchial; fourth pharyngobranchial absent; well ossified first, second and third hypobranchials, single ossified basibranchial; first epibranchial and all four ceratobranchials with teeth present; epurals absent; hypural plate deeply notched posteriorly; pterygiophore of illicium bears small ossified remnant of second cephalic spine; escal bulb contains central lumen with an escal pore leading to the exterior; tooth like denticles absent in esca; absence of posteroventral process of coracoid; presence of four pectoral radials, fusing to 3 in specimens greater than 150mm; pelvic bones present, slightly expanded distally; caudal rays 9 (2 simple+4 bifurcated+3 simple); numerous , close-set dermal spinules covering skin; pyloric caeca absent. Males: short hyoid barbel behind symphysis of lower jaw; small eyes, each without an aphakic space; relatively large olfactory organs; triangular shape of upper denticular plate, bearing a transverse series of 3 well-developed hooked denticles; crescent shaped lower denticular plate bearing transverse series of 4 strong, symmetrically placed denticles, fused at base; skin is naked, absence of dermal spinules. Larvae: short and deep; moderately inflated skin; short, digitiform hyoid barbel; moderate size of pectoral fins, not reaching base of dorsal and anal fins; pelvic fins absent (Ref. 086949).

زيست شناسي     واژه نامه (بعنوان مثال epibenthic)

Also mesopelagic. Males dwarfed, non-parasitic (Ref. 4493). 25 records from all oceans (Ref. 36124).

Life cycle and mating behavior بلوغ | تولید مثل | تخم ریزی | تخم ها | Fecundity | توزاد ( لارو)

مآخذ اصلی Upload your references | مراجع | هماهنگ كننده | همكاران

Bertelsen, E., 1990. Centrophrynidae. p. 509. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 1. (Ref. 4493)

وضعيت در فهرست قرمز IUCN (Ref. 124695)

  حداقل نگرانی (LC) ; Date assessed: 10 July 2014

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

خطر برای انسان ها

  Harmless





استفاده انسانی

FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

اطلاعات بيشتر

كشورها
مناطق سازمان خوار و بار جهاني (FAO)
Ecosystems
ظهور
معرفي
Stocks
بوم شناسي
عادت غذايي
اقلام غذايي
مصرف غذايي
سهمیه
اسامي عام
مترادف
سوخت و ساز
شکارچیان
سم شناسي بوم زيستي
تولید مثل
بلوغ
تخم ریزی
Spawning aggregation
Fecundity
تخم ها
نمو تخم
Age/Size
رشد
طول - وزن
طول - طول
نوسانات طولی
ريخت ستجي بوسيله انداره گيري
ريخت شناسي
توزاد ( لارو)
پويايي لاروي
بازسازی
فراواني
BRUVS
مراجع
آبزي پروري
نمايه آبزي پروري
نژادها
ژنتيك
تواتر آلل ها
وارث
بيماري ها
فرآوری
Nutrients
Mass conversion
همكاران
عکس ها
Stamps, Coins Misc.
صداها
سيگواترا
سرعت
نوع شناگری
منطقه آبششي
Otoliths
مغزها
بینایی

ابزارها

گزارش های ويژه

بارگيری XML

منابع اينترنتي

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | فيش واچر را ببينيد | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: جنس, گونه ها | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: ژنوم, نوکلئوتيد | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | پايگاه هاي داده ها | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Tree of Life | Wikipedia: برو, جستجو | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 3.5 - 6.9, mean 4.7 °C (based on 976 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 1.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  4.2   ±0.7 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
جهندگی
آسيب پذيری (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (20 of 100) .