Neoceratias spinifer, Spiny seadevil

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Neoceratias spinifer Pappenheim, 1914

Spiny seadevil
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Neoceratias spinifer   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Neoceratias spinifer (Spiny seadevil)
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drawing shows typical species in Neoceratiidae.

分類 / Names 俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes(, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri > Lophiiformes (Anglerfishes) 鮟鱇目 (Anglerfishes) > Neoceratiidae (Toothed seadevils) 新角鮟鱇科 (Toothed seadevils)
Etymology: Neoceratias: Named by Pappenheim (1914:198) to signify a new kind of ceratiid-like anglerfish, at the time expressing uncertainty of its position within the suborder but finding great similarity with the Ceratiidae. (Ref. 86949).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態學

; 海洋 居於水底的; 深度上下限 - 1200 m (Ref. 58302), usually - m (Ref. ).   深水域; 0°C -

分布 國家 | FAO區域 | 生態系 | 發現紀錄 | Point map | 簡介 | Faunafri

Western Central Pacific.
中西太平洋。

大小 / 重量 / 年齡

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 6.0 cm TL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 557)

簡短描述 型態特徵 | 形態測量圖

背的軟條 (總數): 10-13; 臀鰭軟條: 10 - 13. Metamorphosed females distinguished by the following characteristics: lacks illicium and second cephalic spine, as well as cranial trough, within which pterygiophore of illicium lies in all other female ceratioids; broad and roughly rectangular shaped frontals; absence of metapterygoid and mesopterygoid; usually short and nearly straight preopercle; usually thick and well developed premaxillae and dentaries, with rounded edges; presence of a pair of prominent nasal papillae on snout; inner margin of jaws bearing single inner row of small immobile teeth; outer margin bears 2-3 series of long hinged teeth, each with tiny distal hook; dorsal and anal fins mounted on prominent bases; presence of supraethmoid; frontals without ventromedial extensions, meet on midline; presence of parietals; conical shaped sphenotics, without distal spine; presence of pterosphenoid; hyomandibula with single head; 2 hypohyals and 6 (2+4), rarely 5 (1+4), branchiostegal rays; bifuctaed and very much reduced opercle; reduced subopercle, long and narrow, as long as or slightly longer than lower fork of opercle, without posterior notch; ventral part without spine or projection on anterior margin; quadrate, articular, angular and preopercular spines absent; jaws subequal, lower extending anteriorly beyond upper; lower jaw lacking symphisial spine; absence postmaxillary process of premaxilla and anterior-maximandibular ligament; absence of first, second and fourth pharyngobranchial, third is well developed and toothed; single ossified hypobranchial; absence of ossified basibranchials; absence of epibranchial and ceratobranchial; epurals absent; deeply notched posterior margin of hypural plate; pterygiophore of illicium fully embedded in skin of head; esca absent; coracoid lacking posteroventral process; 3 pectoral radials; small and cylindrical pelvic bones, without distal expansion; dorsal fin rays 10-13; anal fin rays 10-13; pectoral fin rays 12-15; pelvic fins absent (Ref. 86949).

生物學特性     字彙 (例如 epibenthic)

Meso- (Ref 58302) and bathypelagic (Ref. 7300, 75154). Females with long movable teeth outside jaws. Mature males parasitic on females.

中層 (參考文獻 58302) 與底棲大洋性.(參考文獻 7300) 在顎之外雌魚有長的可動齒。 成熟的雄魚寄生在雌性上。

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | | 孕卵數 | 仔魚

中西太平洋。

主要參考資料 Upload your references | 參考文獻 | 合作者 | 合作者

Nelson, J.S., 1984. Fishes of the world. 2nd edition. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York. 523 p. (Ref. 245)

IUCN 瀕危狀態 (Ref. 124695)

  無危 (LC) ; Date assessed: 16 July 2014

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

對人類具威脅

  無害處的





人類使用

漁業: 沒有興趣
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網路資源

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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 8.3 - 20.1, mean 13 °C (based on 250 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 1.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
營養階層 (Ref. 69278):  3.5   ±0.6 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
回復力
瀕危性 (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 78.3 [35.5, 189.9] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.535 [0.281, 1.034] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.1 [15.5, 21.1] % ; Omega3 = 0.501 [0.160, 1.294] g/100g ; Selenium = 11 [4, 28] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 82.6 [20.0, 334.5] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.636 [0.377, 1.062] mg/100g (wet weight);