Siganus vermiculatus, Vermiculated spinefoot : fisheries, aquaculture, aquarium

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Siganus vermiculatus (Valenciennes, 1835)

Vermiculated spinefoot
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Siganus vermiculatus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Siganus vermiculatus
Picture by Malaer, P.

Classification / Names Noms communs | Synonymes | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinoptérygiens (poissons à nageoires rayonnées) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Siganidae (Rabbitfishes)
Etymology: Siganus: Latin, siganus = a fish, rabbit fish; by the similarity of the nose (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Valenciennes.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Écologie

; marin; saumtre rcifal; profondeur 0 - 20 m (Ref. 48637), usually 0 - 15 m (Ref. 90102).   Tropical; 19°C - 38°C (Ref. 1827); 30°N - 30°S, 77°E - 20°W

Distribution Pays | Zones FAO | Écosystèmes | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Indo-West Pacific: India, Sri Lanka, Andaman Islands, Thailand, Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia, Philippines, Belau [=Palau], Guam, New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Fiji, Vanuatu, ?New Caledonia, ?Western Australia, ?Pohnpei, Caroline Islands, ?Ebon Island and Marshall Islands.

Taille / Poids / Âge

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 45.0 cm TL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 1419); common length : 30.0 cm TL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 9813)

Description synthétique Morphologie | Morphométrie

Épines dorsales (Total): 13; Rayons mous dorsaux (Total): 10; Épines anales 7; Rayons mous anaux: 9; Vertèbres: 13. Body bluish white; head brown to brownish or golden yellow with irregular blue lines. Preopercular angle 91°-102°; strong overlapping scales cover cheeks; midline of thorax scaled, not pelvic ridges. Anterior nostril with low flange, broadened slightly posteriorly. Spines stout, blunt or pungent, and venomous.

Biologie     Glossaire (ex. epibenthic)

Juveniles live among mangroves then move out to lagoon and coastal reefs as they mature. Forms schools. Feeds on algae growing on seagrasses, mangrove roots and rocks. Adults congregate inshore in groups of several hundreds to spawn in summer. Spawning is by pairs; sticky eggs laid on the bottom. Its very high quality flesh commands premium prices (Ref. 9813). Adults on coastal reefs, subject to strong currents (Ref. 48637). This species can tolerate very low salinities (2 ppt) and temperatures up to 38 C (Ref. 37816).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturité | Reproduction | Frai | Œufs | Fécondité | Larves

Throughout summer, adults form inshore breeding groups of several hundred individuals on the 7th or 8th days of the lunar month; pairs break from these groups to spawn. The species has a high fecundity of 350,000/spawning season.

Référence principale Upload your references | Références | Coordinateur : Woodland, David J. | Collaborateurs

Woodland, D.J., 1990. Revision of the fish family Siganidae with descriptions of two new species and comments on distribution and biology. Indo-Pac. Fish. (19):136 p. (Ref. 1419)

Statut dans la liste rouge de l'IUCN (Ref. 120744)

  Préoccupation mineure (LC) ; Date assessed: 25 August 2011

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Menace pour l'homme

  Venomous (Ref. 4537)





Utilisations par l'homme

Pêcheries: commercial; Aquaculture: probable utilisation future; Aquarium: Commercial
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

Plus d'informations

Pays
Zones FAO
Écosystèmes
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Écologie
Régime alimentaire
Éléments du régime alimentaire
Consommation alimentaire
Ration
Noms communs
Synonymes
Métabolisme
Prédateurs
Écotoxicologie
Reproduction
Maturité
Frai
Rassemblement de ponte
Fécondité
Œufs
Développement de l'œuf
Taille/Âge
Croissance
Longueur-poids
Longueur-longueur
Fréquences de longueurs
Morphométrie
Morphologie
Larves
Dynamique des populations larvaires
Recrutement
Abondance
Références
Aquaculture
Profil d'aquaculture
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Génétique
Fréquences alléliques
Héritabilité
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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 26.2 - 29.3, mean 28.6 (based on 2941 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01585 (0.00685 - 0.03669), b=3.07 (2.89 - 3.25), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Niveau trophique (Ref. 69278):  2.0   ±0.00 se; Based on food items.
Résilience (Ref. 120179):  Milieu, temps minimum de doublement de population : 1,4 à 4,4 années (K=0.3).
Vulnérabilité (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (20 of 100) .
Catégorie de prix (Ref. 80766):   High.