Pseudotolithus typus, Longneck croaker : fisheries

Pseudotolithus typus Bleeker, 1863

Longneck croaker
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Pseudotolithus typus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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分類 / Names 共通名の | 類義語 | Catalog of Fishes(部類, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Eupercaria/misc (Various families in series Eupercaria) > Sciaenidae (Drums or croakers)
Etymology: Pseudotolithus: Greek, pseudes = false + greek, otos = ear + Greek, lithos = stone (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Bleeker.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態学

; 海 底生の; 深さの範囲 - 150 m (Ref. 2683), usually - 60 m (Ref. 3593).   Tropical; 0°C - ; 35°N - 17°S, 25°W - 14°E

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Eastern Atlantic: Mauritania (Ref. 5377) to Angola, becoming scarce north of Cape Verde. Often confused with Pseudotolithus senegalensis.

Length at first maturity / サイズ / 重さ / 年齢

Maturity: Lm 48.3  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 140 cm TL オス/雌雄の選別がない; (Ref. 40637); common length : 50.0 cm SL オス/雌雄の選別がない; (Ref. 4780); 最大公表体重: 15.0 kg (Ref. 40637)

簡単な記述 形態学 | 形態計測学

背面の脊椎 (合計): 10; 背鰭 (合計): 28-32. Diagnosis: dorsal fin with 9 spines in the 1st part and 1 spine and 28-32 in the second; second anal spine about half the length of the 1st anal fin soft ray; pectoral fins short, about 19-21% SL; gill rakers short, about as long as gill filament at angle between lower and upper part of gill arch; maxilla extending beyond posterior eye border, eyes small, 7.2-8.4 times in HL, but this character is difficult to use for identification because of allometry (Ref. 81656).

生物学     用語集 (例 epibenthic)

Inhabits coastal waters from shoreline to about 150 m depth, over mud and sandy mud bottoms. Most abundant in waters less than 60 m at temperatures above 18°C. Juveniles and sub-adults enter estuaries and rivers. Feeds mainly on small fishes and crustaceans. Peak spawning season from late spring to early autumn in tropical West Africa (Ref. 4780).

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟 | 繁殖 | 放精 | | 生産力 | 幼生

主な参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | コーディネーター | 協力者

Chao, L.N. and E. Trewavas, 1990. Sciaenidae. p. 813-826. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 3593)

IUCNのレッドリストの状況は (Ref. 124695)

  軽度懸念 (LC) ; Date assessed: 24 January 2020

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

人間に対する脅威

  Harmless





Human uses

水産業: 商業
FAO - Publication: search | FIRMS - Stock assessments | FishSource | 私達の周りの海

より多くの情報

共通名の
類義語
代謝
捕食動物
生態毒性
繁殖
成熟
放精
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生産力

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Age/Size
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形態計測学
形態学
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参考文献
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シガテラ(食中毒の名前)
速度
泳ぐ 型式
カマ
Otoliths

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インターネットの情報源

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: 部類, | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: ゲノム, ヌクレオチド | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | 国のデーターベース | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | 生命の木 | Wikipedia: 行く, 検索する | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | 動物に関する記録

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 19.2 - 27.9, mean 25.7 °C (based on 104 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5156   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00676 (0.00371 - 0.01232), b=3.05 (2.90 - 3.20), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
栄養段階 (Ref. 69278):  3.7   ±0.5 se; based on diet studies.
回復力 (Ref. 120179):  手段, 1.4年~4.4年の倍増期間の最小個体群 (K=0.22-0.29; tmax=7).
弱み (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (49 of 100) .
価格帯 (Ref. 80766):   Medium.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 67.7 [38.3, 122.2] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.627 [0.359, 1.064] mg/100g ; Protein = 19.5 [18.5, 20.6] % ; Omega3 = 0.201 [0.111, 0.341] g/100g ; Selenium = 103 [55, 200] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 8.29 [3.20, 23.43] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.749 [0.507, 1.137] mg/100g (wet weight);