Pseudotolithus typus, Longneck croaker : fisheries

Pseudotolithus typus Bleeker, 1863

Longneck croaker
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Pseudotolithus typus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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分類 / Names 俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes(, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri > Eupercaria/misc (Various families in series Eupercaria) 鱸形目 (Various families in series Eupercaria) > Sciaenidae (Drums or croakers) 石首魚科 (Drums or croakers)
Etymology: Pseudotolithus: Greek, pseudes = false + greek, otos = ear + Greek, lithos = stone (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Bleeker.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態學

; 海洋 居於水底的; 深度上下限 - 150 m (Ref. 2683), usually - 60 m (Ref. 3593).   熱帶; 0°C - ; 35°N - 17°S, 25°W - 14°E

分布 國家 | FAO區域 | 生態系 | 發現紀錄 | Point map | 簡介 | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: Mauritania (Ref. 5377) to Angola, becoming scarce north of Cape Verde. Often confused with Pseudotolithus senegalensis.
東大西洋: 茅利塔尼亞 (參考文獻 5377) 到安哥拉, 變成維德角難得北方。 時常與 Pseudotolithus senegalensis 互相混淆。

Length at first maturity / 大小 / 重量 / 年齡

Maturity: Lm 48.3  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 140 cm TL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 40637); common length : 50.0 cm SL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 4780); 最大體重: 15.0 kg (Ref. 40637)

簡短描述 型態特徵 | 形態測量圖

背棘 (總數): 10; 背的軟條 (總數): 28-32. Diagnosis: dorsal fin with 9 spines in the 1st part and 1 spine and 28-32 in the second; second anal spine about half the length of the 1st anal fin soft ray; pectoral fins short, about 19-21% SL; gill rakers short, about as long as gill filament at angle between lower and upper part of gill arch; maxilla extending beyond posterior eye border, eyes small, 7.2-8.4 times in HL, but this character is difficult to use for identification because of allometry (Ref. 81656).

生物學特性     字彙 (例如 epibenthic)

Inhabits coastal waters from shoreline to about 150 m depth, over mud and sandy mud bottoms. Most abundant in waters less than 60 m at temperatures above 18°C. Juveniles and sub-adults enter estuaries and rivers. Feeds mainly on small fishes and crustaceans. Peak spawning season from late spring to early autumn in tropical West Africa (Ref. 4780).

棲息於來自海岸線的沿岸水域到大約 150 公尺深, 在泥與沙泥底之上。 在 18個 ° C. 上面的溫度最豐富在水域少於 60 公尺 稚魚與亞成魚進入河口與河。 主要吃小魚與甲殼動物。 在熱帶的非洲西方部的來自春末到秋初的生殖高峰季節.(參考文獻 4780)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | | 孕卵數 | 仔魚

東大西洋: 茅利塔尼亞 (參考文獻 5377) 到安哥拉, 變成維德角難得北方。 時常與 Pseudotolithus senegalensis 互相混淆。

主要參考資料 Upload your references | 參考文獻 | 合作者 | 合作者

Chao, L.N. and E. Trewavas, 1990. Sciaenidae. p. 813-826. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 3593)

IUCN 瀕危狀態 (Ref. 124695)

  無危 (LC) ; Date assessed: 24 January 2020

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

對人類具威脅

  無害處的





人類使用

漁業: 商業性
FAO - Publication: search | FIRMS - Stock assessments | FishSource | 周邊海洋

更多資訊

俗名
同種異名
新陳代謝
捕食者
生態毒物學
繁殖
成熟度
產卵場
產卵群集
孕卵數

卵發育
年龄/大小
成長
長度-重量
長度-長度
長度-頻率
形態測量圖
型態特徵
仔魚
稚魚動力學
入添量
豐度
BRUVS
參考文獻
養殖
養殖資訊
品種
遺傳學
基因序列
遺傳率
疾病
加工
Nutrients
Mass conversion
合作者
照片
Stamps, Coins Misc.
聲音
神經毒
速度
泳型
鰓區
Otoliths
腦重體重比
眼睛色素

工具

特別的報告

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網路資源

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | 檢查 FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: , | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: 基因組, 核甘 | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | 國家資料庫 | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | 樹狀分類階層 | Wikipedia: , 搜尋 | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | 動物學的記錄

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 19.2 - 27.9, mean 25.7 °C (based on 104 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5156   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00676 (0.00371 - 0.01232), b=3.05 (2.90 - 3.20), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
營養階層 (Ref. 69278):  3.7   ±0.5 se; based on diet studies.
回復力 (Ref. 120179):  中等的, 族群倍增時間最少 1.4 - 4.4年 (K=0.22-0.29; tmax=7).
瀕危性 (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (49 of 100) .
價格種類 (Ref. 80766):   Medium.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 67.7 [38.3, 122.2] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.627 [0.359, 1.064] mg/100g ; Protein = 19.5 [18.5, 20.6] % ; Omega3 = 0.201 [0.111, 0.341] g/100g ; Selenium = 103 [55, 200] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 8.29 [3.20, 23.43] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.749 [0.507, 1.137] mg/100g (wet weight);