(Silversides) > Atherinidae
(Silversides) > Atherininae
Etymology: Atherina: Greek, atherina, the Greek name for the eperlane; 1770 (Ref. 45335). More on author: Cuvier.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
; marino; salmastro; oceanodromo (Ref. 51243). Subtropical; 60°N - 14°N, 26°W - 17°E
Eastern Atlantic: Kattegat (rare) and British Isles to Canary Islands, Mauritania and Cape Verde, also western Mediterranean.
Size / Peso / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 20.0 cm TL maschio/sesso non determinato; (Ref. 30578); Età massima riportata: 4 anni (Ref. 232)
Spine dorsali (totale): 7 - 9; Raggi dorsali molli (totale): 114; Spine anali 1; Raggi anali molli: 14 - 17. Scales in longitudinal series 52-57. Vertebrae 46-52 (Morocco), 49-52 (the Netherlands). No pyloric appendages. A large, characteristic, brilliant silvery stripe running along flanks from head to tail, often outlined in black. No true lateral line (Ref. 232). Eye diameter same with snout length (Ref. 35388).
Small pelagic fishes in coastal areas and estuaries. Schooling, seasonal migrations in the Atlantic. Feeds on carnivorous small crustaceans and fish larvae (Ref. 5980). Reproduces in spring and summer (Ref. 30578).
Spawning occurs in midsummer in English Channel and North Sea.
Maugé, L.A., 1990. Atherinidae. p. 604-605. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 4499)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Pesca: pesca di sussistenza; Pesce da pesca sportiva: si
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 9.2 - 20.3, mean 11.5 °C (based on 348 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5312 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00537 (0.00328 - 0.00878), b=3.12 (2.98 - 3.26), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.7 ±0.43 se; based on food items.
Resilienza (Ref. 120179
): Alto, tempo minimo di raddoppiamento della popolazione meno di 15 mesi (K=0.70; tmax=4).
Prior r = 1.00, 95% CL = 0.66 - 1.50, Based on 1 stock assessment.
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (21 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 226 [115, 454] mg/100g ; Iron = 3.13 [1.72, 5.74] mg/100g ; Protein = 20.7 [19.0, 22.4] % ; Omega3 = 0.663 [0.285, 1.470] g/100g ; Selenium = 21.3 [8.9, 48.3] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 26.8 [8.2, 85.4] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.43 [0.99, 2.21] mg/100g (wet weight);