Atherina presbyter, Sand smelt : fisheries, gamefish

Atherina presbyter Cuvier, 1829

Sand smelt
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This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Atherina presbyter   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Atherina presbyter
Picture by Østergaard, T.

Klassifizierung / Names Namen | Synonyme | Catalog of Fishes(Gattung, Arten) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Atheriniformes (Silversides) > Atherinidae (Silversides) > Atherininae
Etymology: Atherina: Greek, atherina, the Greek name for the eperlane; 1770 (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Cuvier.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ökologie

; seewasser; brackwasser; ozeanodrom (Ref. 51243).   Subtropical; 60°N - 14°N, 26°W - 17°E

Verbreitung Länder | FAO Gebiete | Ecosystems | Vorkommen | Point map | Einführungen | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: Kattegat (rare) and British Isles to Canary Islands, Mauritania and Cape Verde, also western Mediterranean.

Size / Gewicht / Alter

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 20.0 cm TL Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 30578); max. veröff. Alter: 4 Jahre (Ref. 232)

Kurzbeschreibung Morphologie | Morphometrie

Rückenflossenstacheln (insgesamt): 7 - 9; Rückenflossenweichstrahlen (insgesamt): 114; Afterflossenstacheln 1; Afterflossenweichstrahlen: 14 - 17. Scales in longitudinal series 52-57. Vertebrae 46-52 (Morocco), 49-52 (the Netherlands). No pyloric appendages. A large, characteristic, brilliant silvery stripe running along flanks from head to tail, often outlined in black. No true lateral line (Ref. 232). Eye diameter same with snout length (Ref. 35388).

Biologie     Fachlexikon (Englisch) (z.B. epibenthic)

Small pelagic fishes in coastal areas and estuaries. Schooling, seasonal migrations in the Atlantic. Feeds on carnivorous small crustaceans and fish larvae (Ref. 5980). Reproduces in spring and summer (Ref. 30578).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geschlechtsreife | Fortpflanzung | Ablaichen | Eier | Fecundity | Larven

Spawning occurs in midsummer in English Channel and North Sea.

Hauptreferenz Upload your references | Referenzen | Koordinator : Dyer, Brian S. | Partner

Maugé, L.A., 1990. Atherinidae. p. 604-605. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 4499)

IUCN Rote Liste Status (Ref. 123251)

  nicht bedroht (LC) ; Date assessed: 20 May 2014

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Bedrohung für Menschen

  Harmless





Nutzung durch Menschen

Fischereien: kleinfischerei; Sportfisch: ja
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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 9.2 - 20.3, mean 11.5 °C (based on 348 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5312   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00537 (0.00328 - 0.00878), b=3.12 (2.98 - 3.26), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  3.7   ±0.43 se; based on food items.
Widerstandsfähigkeit (Ref. 120179):  hoch, Verdopplung der Population dauert weniger als 15 Monate. (K=0.70; tmax=4).
Prior r = 1.00, 95% CL = 0.66 - 1.50, Based on 1 stock assessment.
Verwundbarkeit (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (21 of 100) .
Preiskategorie (Ref. 80766):   Medium.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 226 [115, 454] mg/100g ; Iron = 3.13 [1.72, 5.74] mg/100g ; Protein = 20.7 [19.0, 22.4] % ; Omega3 = 0.663 [0.285, 1.470] g/100g ; Selenium = 21.3 [8.9, 48.3] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 26.8 [8.2, 85.4] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.43 [0.99, 2.21] mg/100g (wet weight);