Terapon jarbua, Jarbua terapon : fisheries, aquaculture

Terapon jarbua (Forsskål 1775)

Jarbua terapon
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Terapon jarbua   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Terapon jarbua
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Classificação / Names Nomes comuns | Sinónimos | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Centrarchiformes (Basses) > Terapontidae (Grunters or tigerperches)
  More on author: Forsskål.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologia

; marinhas; Água doce; estuarina demersal; catádromo (Ref. 51243); intervalo de profundidade 20 - 350 m (Ref. 58488).   Tropical; 26°C - 29°C (Ref. 4959); 36°N - 35°S, 20°E - 167°W

Distribuição Países | Áreas FAO | Ecossistemas | Ocorrências | Point map | Introduções | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: Red Sea and East Africa to Samoa, north to southern Japan, south to the Arafura Sea (Ref. 9819), Australia, and Lord Howe Island.

Length at first maturity / Tamanho / Peso / Idade

Maturity: Lm 13.0, range 9 - 17 cm
Max length : 36.0 cm TL macho/indeterminado; (Ref. 9710); common length : 25.0 cm SL macho/indeterminado; (Ref. 4967)

Descrição breve Morfologia | Morfometria

Espinhos dorsais (total): 11 - 12; Raios dorsais moles (total): 9-11; Espinhos anais 3; Raios anais moles: 7 - 10. This species is distinguished by the following characters: body oblong moderately and laterally compressed, greatest body depth 2.5-3.2 in SL; head length 2.3-2.6 in SL; lower opercular spine extending well beyond the opercular flap; posttemporal bone exposed and serrate posteriorly; pectoral fin rays 13-14; gill rakers 6-8 +13-16 = 19-24; pored lateral line scales 75-100; horizontal scale rows above lateral line 13-17; caudal fin emarginate. Colour of body silvery white with 3-4 curved stripes from the nape to the hind part of the body, the lowermost continuing across the middle of the caudal fin; spinous part of dorsal fin with a blackish blotch dorsally on membranes between third and sixth spines; caudal fin with stripes, the lobes with dark tips (Ref. 48274, 90102).

Biologia     Glossário (ex. epibenthic)

Found over shallow sandy bottoms, in the vicinity of river mouths. Enter estuaries and rivers (Ref. 1479, 11230, 44894, 48635). Adults in loose aggregations (Ref. 48635). Juveniles common in sandy intertidal areas; often in tidal pools. Minimum depth reported is 20 m (Ref. 12260). Found in schools (Ref. 9710). Omnivorous (Ref. 7300), feeding on fishes, insects, algae, and sand-dwelling invertebrates (Ref. 9710). Spawn in the sea and juveniles migrate into fresh water (Ref. 2847). Eggs are guarded and fanned by the male parent (Ref. 205). Produce sound (Ref. 9137). Caught on all types of inshore fishing gear including gill nets, traps, handlines, and bottom trawls and marketed fresh and dried-salted (Ref. 48274).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturidade | Reprodução | Desova | Ovos | Fecundidade | Larvas

Eggs are guarded and fanned by the male parent (Ref. 205).

Referência principal Upload your references | Referências | Coordenador | Colaboradores

Paxton, J.R., D.F. Hoese, G.R. Allen and J.E. Hanley, 1989. Pisces. Petromyzontidae to Carangidae. Zoological Catalogue of Australia, Vol. 7. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra, 665 p. (Ref. 7300)

Categoria na Lista Vermelha da IUCN (Ref. 123251)

  Preocupação menor (LC) ; Date assessed: 20 June 2016

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Ameaça para o homem

  Harmless





Utilização humana

Pescarias: pouco comercial; Aquacultura: espécies comerciais
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

Mais informação

Nomes comuns
Sinónimos
Metabolismo
Predadores
Ecotoxicologia
Reprodução
Maturidade
Desova
Agregação para desova
Fecundidade
Ovos
Desenvolvimento dos ovos
Referências
Aquacultura
Perfil para aquacultura
Estirpes
Genética
Frequência dos alelos
Hereditariedade
Doenças
Processamento
Mass conversion
Colaboradores
Fotografias
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Sons
Ciguatera
Velocidade
Tipo de natação
Área branquial
Outras referências
Cérebros
Visão

Ferramentas

Relatórios especiais

Descarregue XML

Fontes da internet

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 17.6 - 27.9, mean 23.7 °C (based on 917 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.6250   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01660 (0.01323 - 0.02082), b=3.00 (2.93 - 3.07), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Nível Trófico (Ref. 69278):  3.9   ±0.5 se; based on diet studies.
Generation time: 4.6 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
Resiliência (Ref. 120179):  Médio, tempo mínimo de duplicação da população 1,4 - 4,4 anos (K=0.24).
Vulnerabilidade (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (37 of 100) .
Categoria de preço (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.