Gymnocanthus tricuspis, Arctic staghorn sculpin

Gymnocanthus tricuspis (Reinhardt, 1830)

Arctic staghorn sculpin
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Gymnocanthus tricuspis   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Gymnocanthus tricuspis (Arctic staghorn sculpin)
Gymnocanthus tricuspis
Picture by Svensen, R.

Classificatie / Names Populaire namen | Synoniemen | Catalog of Fishes(Genus, Soort(en)) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Perciformes/Cottoidei (Sculpins) > Cottidae (Sculpins)
Etymology: Gymnocanthus: Greek, gymnos = naked + Greek, akantha = thorn (Ref. 45335).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologie

; marien demersaal; diepteverspreiding - 556 m (Ref. 117245), usually - m (Ref. ).   Polar; -2°C - 13°C (Ref. 4698); 84°N - 43°N, 180°W - 180°E (Ref. 117245)

Verspreiding Landen | FAO regio's | Ecosystems | Voorkomen | Point map | Introducties | Faunafri

Arctic, Northwest to Northeast Atlantic: to Gulf of St. Lawrence in Canada and rarely Maine, USA. Northeast Atlantic: eastern coasts of Greenland, Iceland, northern coast of Norway to White and throughout Barents Sea to Spitzbergen and Novaya Zemlya (Ref. 4698).

Length at first maturity / Size / Gewicht / Leeftijd

Maturity: Lm 9.0  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 30.0 cm TL mannelijk/geslacht niet bekend; (Ref. 9707)

Korte beschrijving Morfologie | Morfometrie

Dorsale stekels (totaal): 10 - 12; Dorsale zachte stralen (totaal): 14-17; Anale stekels 0; Anale zachte stralen: 15 - 19. Back dark, flanks with dark blotches forming two blackish-brown bands, irregular line of dark spots below lateral line; belly light, yellowish in females, with roundish white spots in males; dorsal fin with light and dark stripes, caudal, anal and pectoral fins light, the last with a yellow tip and with 4-5 transverse lines of dark spots (Ref. 4698).

Biologie     Verklarende woordenlijst (b.v. epibenthic)

Burrows into sand and sand-mud bottoms with salinities of 32-35 ppt, sometimes as low as 16-30 ppt (Ref. 4698). Benthic (Ref. 58426). Feeds on small benthic amphipods and polychaetes (Ref. 4698).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geslachtsrijpheid | Voortplanting | Kuitschieten | Eieren | Fecundity | Larven

Oviparous (Ref. 101741).

Voornaamste referentie Upload your references | Referenties | Coördinator | Medewerkers

Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray, 1986. A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p. (Ref. 7251)

Status op de Rode Lijst van het IUCN (Ref. 124695)


CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Gevaarlijk voor mensen

  Harmless





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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): -1.6 - 1.8, mean -0.6 °C (based on 2043 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5078   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00741 (0.00431 - 0.01274), b=3.25 (3.10 - 3.40), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  3.3   ±0.4 se; based on diet studies.
Weerstandsvermogen (Ref. 120179):  Gemiddeld, minimale populatieverdubbelingstijd 1,4-4,4 jaar (tm=2-4; tmax=9; Fec=3,030).
Kwetsbaarheid (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (44 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 43.1 [18.4, 109.6] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.351 [0.178, 0.719] mg/100g ; Protein = 16.9 [14.7, 19.4] % ; Omega3 = 0.331 [0.134, 0.962] g/100g ; Selenium = 22 [9, 56] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 13.3 [3.4, 49.2] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.574 [0.332, 1.009] mg/100g (wet weight);