Gymnocanthus tricuspis, Arctic staghorn sculpin

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Gymnocanthus tricuspis (Reinhardt, 1830)

Arctic staghorn sculpin
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Gymnocanthus tricuspis   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Gymnocanthus tricuspis (Arctic staghorn sculpin)
Gymnocanthus tricuspis
Picture by Svensen, R.

分類 / Names 俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes(, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri > Perciformes/Cottoidei (Sculpins) 鮋形目 (Sculpins) > Cottidae (Sculpins) 杜父魚科 (Sculpins)
Etymology: Gymnocanthus: Greek, gymnos = naked + Greek, akantha = thorn (Ref. 45335).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態學

; 海洋 居於水底的; 深度上下限 - 556 m (Ref. 117245), usually - m (Ref. ).   極; -2°C - 13°C (Ref. 4698); 84°N - 43°N, 180°W - 180°E (Ref. 117245)

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Arctic, Northwest to Northeast Atlantic: to Gulf of St. Lawrence in Canada and rarely Maine, USA. Northeast Atlantic: eastern coasts of Greenland, Iceland, northern coast of Norway to White and throughout Barents Sea to Spitzbergen and Novaya Zemlya (Ref. 4698).
北極圈, 到東北大西洋的西北: 對在加拿大中的聖勞倫斯灣與很少地美國緬因州。 東北大西洋: 格陵蘭,冰島的東岸, 挪威到白色的北海岸與在巴倫支海各處對 Spitzbergen 與新地島.(參考文獻 4698)

Length at first maturity / 大小 / 重量 / 年齡

Maturity: Lm 9.0  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 30.0 cm TL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 9707)

簡短描述 型態特徵 | 形態測量圖

背棘 (總數): 10 - 12; 背的軟條 (總數): 14-17; 臀棘 0; 臀鰭軟條: 15 - 19. Back dark, flanks with dark blotches forming two blackish-brown bands, irregular line of dark spots below lateral line; belly light, yellowish in females, with roundish white spots in males; dorsal fin with light and dark stripes, caudal, anal and pectoral fins light, the last with a yellow tip and with 4-5 transverse lines of dark spots (Ref. 4698).
背面深色的, 側面用形成二條暗褐色的條紋,深色斑點的不規則線的黑色斑塊在側線下; 腹面光, 淡黃色的在雌性中, 在雄性中有圓的白色斑點; 背鰭有淡色與深色的斑紋,尾鰭、臀鰭與胸鰭光, 最後的具有一個黃色的頂端與具有深色斑點的 4-5 橫切線.(參考文獻 4698)

生物學特性     字彙 (例如 epibenthic)

Burrows into sand and sand-mud bottoms with salinities of 32-35 ppt, sometimes as low as 16-30 ppt (Ref. 4698). Benthic (Ref. 58426). Feeds on small benthic amphipods and polychaetes (Ref. 4698).

用 32- 的鹽度鑽進沙子與沙泥底部裡面 35個 ppt, 有時更低到 16-30個 ppt.(參考文獻 4698) 底棲的.(參考文獻 58426) 吃小型底棲的片腳類動物與多毛類動物。 (參考文獻 4698)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | | 孕卵數 | 仔魚

Oviparous (Ref. 101741).北極圈, 到東北大西洋的西北: 對在加拿大中的聖勞倫斯灣與很少地美國緬因州。 東北大西洋: 格陵蘭,冰島的東岸, 挪威到白色的北海岸與在巴倫支海各處對 Spitzbergen 與新地島.(參考文獻 4698)

主要參考資料 Upload your references | 參考文獻 | 合作者 | 合作者

Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray, 1986. A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p. (Ref. 7251)

IUCN 瀕危狀態 (Ref. 124695)

  未評估 

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

對人類具威脅

  無害處的





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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): -1.6 - 1.8, mean -0.6 °C (based on 2043 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5078   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00741 (0.00431 - 0.01274), b=3.25 (3.10 - 3.40), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
營養階層 (Ref. 69278):  3.3   ±0.4 se; based on diet studies.
回復力 (Ref. 120179):  中等的, 族群倍增時間最少 1.4 - 4.4年 (tm=2-4; tmax=9; Fec=3,030).
瀕危性 (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (44 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 43.1 [18.4, 109.6] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.351 [0.178, 0.719] mg/100g ; Protein = 16.9 [14.7, 19.4] % ; Omega3 = 0.331 [0.134, 0.962] g/100g ; Selenium = 22 [9, 56] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 13.3 [3.4, 49.2] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.574 [0.332, 1.009] mg/100g (wet weight);