Enophrys bison, Buffalo sculpin : gamefish, aquarium

Enophrys bison (Girard, 1854)

Buffalo sculpin
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Enophrys bison   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Enophrys bison (Buffalo sculpin)
Enophrys bison
Picture by Nichols, J.

Classification / Names Populärnamn | synonymer | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (strålfeniga fiskar) > Scorpaeniformes (Scorpionfishes and flatheads) > Cottidae (Sculpins)
Etymology: Enophrys: Greek, enophrys = with enlarged, inflated eye brow (Ref. 45335);  bison: Named after the North American buffalo (Ref. 6885).  More on author: Girard.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ekologi

; marina bottenlevande; djupintervall ? - 20 m (Ref. 2850).   Temperate; 60°N - 34°N

Utbredning Länder | FAO områden | Ekosystem | Förekomster | Point map | Utplanteringar | Faunafri

Eastern Pacific: Kodiak Island, Alaska to Monterey Bay, California, USA.

Size / Vikt / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 37.0 cm TL hane/ej könsbestämd; (Ref. 2850)

Short description Morfologi | Morfometri

Taggstrålar i ryggfenan (totalt): 7 - 9; Mjukstrålar i ryggfenan (totalt): 10-13; Taggstrålar i analfenan 0; Mjukstrålar i analfenan: 8 - 9. Caudal broadly rounded. Pelvic fins small.

Biologi     Ordlista (t.ex. epibenthic)

Commonly found in inshore rocky and sandy areas (Ref. 2850). Feeds mainly on algae (Ref. 2850) but also shrimps, crabs, amphipods, mussels, and small fishes (Ref. 4925).

Life cycle and mating behavior Könsmognad | Reproduktion | Lek | Ägg | Fecundity | Larver

Oviparous (Ref. 101741). Male guards egg cluster and fans eggs with his pectoral fins (Ref. 2850).

Main reference Upload your references | referenser | Koordinator | Medarbetare

Eschmeyer, W.N., E.S. Herald and H. Hammann, 1983. A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America. Boston (MA, USA): Houghton Mifflin Company. xii+336 p. (Ref. 2850)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)


CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

Sportfisk: ja; Akvarium: Offentliga akvarier
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

Ytterligare information

Länder
FAO områden
Ekosystem
Förekomster
Utplanteringar
Stocks
Ekologi
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Födoslag
Födointag
Näringsinnehåll
Populärnamn
synonymer
Metabolik
Predatorer
Ekotoxikologi
Reproduktion
Könsmognad
Lek
Spawning aggregation
Fecundity
Ägg
Egg development
Age/Size
Tillväxt
Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Morfometri
Morfologi
Larver
Larvdynamik
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referenser
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Stamps, Coins Misc.
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Otoliths
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Special reports

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Internet-källor

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | Offentliga akvarier | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, sök) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 6.4 - 12.1, mean 8.9 (based on 280 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5625   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00832 (0.00417 - 0.01659), b=3.11 (2.94 - 3.28), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trofisk nivå (Ref. 69278):  3.3   ±0.52 se; Based on food items.
Resiliens (Ref. 120179):  Mycket låg, lägsta populationsfördubblingstid mer än 14 år (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  High vulnerability (61 of 100) .